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Article

Application of Best Available Techniques to Remove Air and Water Pollutants from Textile Dyeing and Finishing in South Korea

1
Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Research Team, Natural Environment Research Division, National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER), Gyeongseo-dong, Seo-gu, Incheon 22689, Korea
2
Environmental Inspection and Investigation Team, Hanriver Basin Environmental Office, Misagangbyeonhangang-ro, Hanam-si 12902, Gyeonggi-do, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Hafeezullah Memon, Xiaoke Jin, Tian Wei and Chengyan Zhu
Sustainability 2022, 14(4), 2209; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042209
Received: 23 December 2021 / Revised: 10 February 2022 / Accepted: 11 February 2022 / Published: 15 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Textile Marketing)
The textile industry in South Korea is characterized by excessive water consumption, high concentrations of wastewater, hazardous chemicals, and high energy consumption. This study aimed to analyze Best Available Techniques Reference Documents (BREFs) based on best available techniques (BATs) and BAT-associated emission levels (BAT-AELs) and identify potential solutions for tackling environmental pressure from the South Korean textile industry. Therefore, the existing practices of the textile dyeing and finishing industry in South Korea were compared with those from the BREFs of the European Union. Many existing BATs in South Korea are related to reducing water consumption. There is also a strong focus on BATs for reducing wastewater discharge and achieving energy-saving during treatment rather than after treatment, which differs from other industries. Moreover, BAT-AELs were derived for chemical oxygen demand, suspended solids, and total nitrogen for treating non-biodegradable, highly polluted wastewater. Furthermore, BREFs related to atmospheric pollution included dust generated from the heated fabrics in the finishing process that contained cadmium and phenolic hydrogen chloride from dyes and raw materials in the fabrics. Notably, the European Union has not specified BAT-AELs for the textile industry, whereas South Korea has tailored BAT-AELs for toxic and hazardous chemicals. Thus, numerous green techniques to reduce emissions and energy consumption are being implemented in South Korea. View Full-Text
Keywords: BAT; BAT-AEL; K-BREF; environmental integrated permit; textile industry; South Korea BAT; BAT-AEL; K-BREF; environmental integrated permit; textile industry; South Korea
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, G.; Kang, P.-G.; Kim, E.; Seo, K. Application of Best Available Techniques to Remove Air and Water Pollutants from Textile Dyeing and Finishing in South Korea. Sustainability 2022, 14, 2209. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042209

AMA Style

Kim G, Kang P-G, Kim E, Seo K. Application of Best Available Techniques to Remove Air and Water Pollutants from Textile Dyeing and Finishing in South Korea. Sustainability. 2022; 14(4):2209. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042209

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Gahee, Phil-Goo Kang, Eunseok Kim, and Kyungae Seo. 2022. "Application of Best Available Techniques to Remove Air and Water Pollutants from Textile Dyeing and Finishing in South Korea" Sustainability 14, no. 4: 2209. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042209

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