Next Article in Journal
Sociocultural Dimension of Land–Sea Interactions in Maritime Spatial Planning: Three Case Studies in the Baltic Sea Region
Previous Article in Journal
Spatiotemporal Variability Assessment of Trace Metals Based on Subsurface Water Quality Impact Integrated with Artificial Intelligence-Based Modeling

Carbon Footprint of The Most Popular Social Media Platforms

Doctoral School of Economic and Regional Sciences, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences (MATE), Pater Karoly utca 1, 2100 Godollo, Hungary
Academic Editor: Anna Mazzi
Sustainability 2022, 14(4), 2195;
Received: 1 December 2021 / Revised: 10 February 2022 / Accepted: 11 February 2022 / Published: 15 February 2022
The advent of easily accessible technology, e-commerce, online streaming, and social networking platforms has led to massive amounts of data being stored and processed every second. The IT infrastructures needed to support this digital age consume a large amount of energy and have a negative impact on the environment. There have been several different efforts to estimate the carbon footprint of the internet, but there is no proven exact method for it. Therefore, the goals of this paper are, first—to critically review the carbon emission calculation methods and compare the results, and second—to publicize the environmental impact of our daily simple habit of internet usage. We calculated the carbon footprint of the most popular four online services (TikTok, Facebook, Netflix, and YouTube) by using top-cited methods such those from Obringer, the Shift Project, Andrae, and Hintemann and Hinterholze. When comparing the emitted carbon dioxide, the weighted average of online video streaming usage per day is 51 times more than 14 h of an airplane ride. Netflix generates the highest CO2 emissions among the four applications due to its high-resolution video delivery and its number of users. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable; internet; carbon dioxide; emission sustainable; internet; carbon dioxide; emission
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Batmunkh, A. Carbon Footprint of The Most Popular Social Media Platforms. Sustainability 2022, 14, 2195.

AMA Style

Batmunkh A. Carbon Footprint of The Most Popular Social Media Platforms. Sustainability. 2022; 14(4):2195.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Batmunkh, Altanshagai. 2022. "Carbon Footprint of The Most Popular Social Media Platforms" Sustainability 14, no. 4: 2195.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop