Development of DASH: Design Assessment Framework for Sustainable Housing
- What are the indicators for social and cultural aspects of housing?
- Which social and cultural indicators are more relatable?
- How do these socio-cultural indicators connect with the built environment?
- Which sustainable design assessment tools are available in developed and developing countries and how have they integrated socio-cultural indicators?
- What are occupants’ perceptions regarding the integration of socio-cultural indicators in housing?
- How can we involve occupants and their participation in sustainable design assessment?
- How can we incorporate socio-cultural aspects into green building assessment methods for housing?
- How can we develop a holistic and balanced framework for sustainable design assessment?
- How can we translate the developed framework into a tool?
2. Situational Assessment
3. Sustainability, Indicators, and Assessment Methods
3.1. Understanding Social and Cultural Sustainability
3.2. Codes, Guidelines, and Rating Systems
4.1. Research Plan
4.2. Data Collection
Planning and Questionnaire
4.3. Protocols and Other Measures
4.4. Data Analysis
- It was noted that residents’ feedback might be more effectively incorporated into existing assessment techniques with a positive impact on satisfaction. Assuming that residents’ needs and requirements are considered, in a scenario regarding waste management, the waste of building materials due to alterations and renovations should be reduced. Considering this, residents will be cautious in using materials and in their management, and this could help increase the sustainability of residential projects through awareness, cost cutting, and optimal use of supplies.
- This study demonstrates that housing residents consider socio-cultural design based on a coherent knowledge of interconnected indicators that emphasize a residential home’s significance and confirm the value of the occupant’s involvement in the design process.
- This research fills knowledge gaps by demonstrating how intangible socio-cultural indicators and tangible design standards relate to one another and how they can be incorporated into frameworks for evaluating sustainable buildings.
- This study deals with concerns that aid in both the academic and practical implementation of sustainable design assessments for the understanding and reflection of socio-cultural indicators. This study illustrates that sustainable housing includes the socio-cultural values of its residents.
- This study supports a process for identifying, evaluating, and incorporating sustainability indicators related to socio-cultural sustainability into the building evaluation process.
- This study shows that residents can participate in the development of sustainability goals and the selection of the primary metrics and indicators used for evaluation.
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Indicator||Indicator from Literature||Indicators from Green Building Rating System|
|Social||Senior Citizen and Child Care, Resident Wellbeing, Transportation, Neighborhood Development, Local Materials, Universal Design, Accessibility, Signage, Safety, Awareness, Proximity to Services and Amenities, Privacy and Safety Measures, Disability Needs, Satisfaction Level||Education and Awareness, Surrounding Density and Diverse Uses, Neighborhood Development, Facility for Physical Wellbeing, Visual Comfort, Universal Accessibility, Positive Social Impact|
|Cultural||Regional Priority, Cultural Forms and Local Practices, Cultural Diversity, Architecture and Identity, Interconnectedness, Inter-Regional Impact, Quality of Life, Dwelling Functionality, Visuals and Aesthetics, Cultural Spaces, Hierarchy of Space, Adaptability, Cultural Relevance||Regional Priority|
|Environmental||Waste Management: Construction and Solid Waste, Hazard Prevention, Recyclable Materials, Green Areas and Vegetation, Use of Locally Available Materials and Technology, Renewable Energy||Site and Topography, Water Management, Energy Efficiency, Air Quality, Renewable Energy, Rainwater Management, Waste Management, Alternate Materials, Construction Management|
|Economic||Affordability and Durability, Policy and Regulations, Optimization Of Energy and Operations, Local Building Regulations, Economic Viability||Energy Monitoring, Life Cycle Costing, Operation, and Maintenance Protocol, Performance Metering|
|Stage||Research Question||Design Method||Research Methodology|
|Preamble||Context Analysis||Establishing the context and background for research. Identification of the relevant gap, reach, aim, and objectives with the help of the existing literature in journal publications, reports, books, and other relevant published sources.|
|Literature Review||What are the indicators for social and cultural aspects of housing?||Secondary Research: Systematic Literature Review||Secondary data were reviewed through a systematic literature review on the areas of sustainability and the three pillars, the global and Indian context of sustainable development, housing, the social and cultural aspects of housing, green building rating systems in developed and developing countries, building standards and codes, housing and energy policies, and related concepts. Mendeley was used to manage citations and references throughout the research.|
|Which social and cultural indicators are more relatable?|
|How do these socio-cultural indicators connect with the built environment?|
|Which sustainable design assessment tools are available in developed and developing countries and how have they integrated socio-cultural indicators?|
|How can we incorporate socio-cultural aspects into green building assessment methods for housing?|
|Phase I: Development of the design assessment framework for sustainable housing||What are occupants’ perceptions of the integration of socio-cultural indicators in housing?||Design Requirement Prioritization||The main goal here was to prioritize the inclusion of social and cultural indicators. Identifying the key categories influencing the sustainability of residential buildings, establishing the priority weight for dimensions and categories, and integrating social and cultural dimensions with the environmental and economic dimensions in building sustainability assessment. Incorporating occupants’ needs and their perceptions of sustainability and its indicators.|
|In-depth Interviews||A pilot study was conducted at the initial stages to understand the questionnaire’s scope, the users’ behavioral responses, and their understanding. An open-ended comprehensive interview was conducted, and a discovery-oriented method was used to obtain detailed information about a topic from the occupant. The goal was to explore in depth the respondent’s point of view, experiences, and perspectives. The duration of each call/interview was approximately around 30–45 min.|
|How can we involve occupants and their participation in sustainable design assessment?||Survey research: User behavior study||Residents’ and occupants’ requirements were collected with the help of a structured questionnaire based on a survey method. The data were analyzed using graphs and statistical analysis was conducted to observe significant correlations among identified variables. The data collected were formulated and analyzed using the SPSS 20.0 statistical software. A total of 133 participants responded and contributed their views to the study.|
|How can we develop a holistic and balanced framework for sustainable design assessment?||Theoretical framework||A theoretical framework was developed by focusing on the identified variables and defining the specific viewpoints formulated from the user behavior study and from secondary data.|
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Piparsania, K.; Kalita, P.C. Development of DASH: Design Assessment Framework for Sustainable Housing. Sustainability 2022, 14, 15990. https://doi.org/10.3390/su142315990
Piparsania K, Kalita PC. Development of DASH: Design Assessment Framework for Sustainable Housing. Sustainability. 2022; 14(23):15990. https://doi.org/10.3390/su142315990Chicago/Turabian Style
Piparsania, Kratika, and Pratul Ch. Kalita. 2022. "Development of DASH: Design Assessment Framework for Sustainable Housing" Sustainability 14, no. 23: 15990. https://doi.org/10.3390/su142315990