Recipes for Resilience: Engaging Caribbean Youth in Climate Action and Food Heritage through Stories and Song
1.2. Wider Context: Climate Change Communication
1.3. Project Description and Rationale
2. Music and Affective Communication: Challenges and Opportunities for Changing Food Behaviours
3. Caribbean Food Heritage: Past and Present
3.1. Indigenous Caribbean Agrifood Heritage
3.2. Afro-Caribbean Agrifood Heritage
3.3. Asian Caribbean Agrifood Heritage
3.4. Preserving Caribbean Agrifood Heritage through Stories
4.1. Recruitment and Pedagogy
4.2. Workshop Outline and Design
Zoom Breakout Rooms and Focus Group Discussions
5. Results and Discussion
5.1. Workshops 1 and 2: Critical Dialogue for Climate-Change Awareness and Action
I am very much annoyed, for over ten years we have been having this COP and no significant action has been done… you are playing with our lives… small island development states are suffering from climate change significantly.
Oceans are warming and temperatures are rising everyday here in Grenada … I feel the scorching heat of the sun and it is definitely not good at all … youth want them [governments] to take action. … We need action now, we do not need it in the next twelve years, we need it now.
Learned a lot and [it] open[ed] my eyes to a lot of things that I believe my country can change and we can proceed in doing … You know we learn from each other and that’s when we make our world, our community, a better place by learning and you know, open your eyes and experiencing today.
Culture, you know we have to go back to a time where we live [as] one with nature and we take care of it…
5.2. Workshop 3: Reflecting on Agrifood Heritage for Climate Justice and Climate Resilience
We join together—one person responsible for necessary preparation to pick and clean up; one person responsible for cooking; one person responsible for cleaning up … but after that is done it’s usually done in a sense, where persons collect together so they sit around in a circle or grab a chair nearby and then what then happens is that conversation starts and you’d start to recall memories and you discuss and you plan and it’s just a sense of bringing persons together…
Yeah, they used to do that [run a boat] in Jamaica to where the farmers would all come together and … everybody would bring something, and one person would be the cook and everybody else [would] work.
Now running a boat consists of mostly incorporation of processed foods so you’d get them; well white rice is somewhat process[ed] to me so you’d get … white rice, you would get your meat from where[ever] and you take it to this spot. It is not as fluid as before. It is imported from different areas.
Apples and grapes used to be something to only see Christmas time in the shops and other available throughout the year. And now the food or the food import bill … far outweighs the value of what is actually growing... So, we’re now valuing these foreign foods over what is produced locally. You can buy potatoes from Idaho and all these different countries, but it’s difficult to find sweet potatoes. It’s not expensive. … I think that Trinidad and Tobago has become disconnected from its food; it’s become a commodity; it’s not about community; it’s not about sustainability and sustaining your lives anymore. It’s just about having these foods … and [its] kind of sad really but those are my thoughts.
Lyrics for Change
VERSE 1Let’s talk about how food can connect us allLet’s take demOle time story an cookbook off the wallHere is the secret to make sure we thrive.Fe all a we stay alive…moreKitchen gardens, more local foods
VERSE 2Highway and houses replacing our cropsMe cyah eat brick, hey why can’t it stop?Crises here? Lets run a boat, de love is real.Food should heal. Food should heal
CHORUSFood and resistanceFor climate resiliencePlants to make the planet lastHurry hurryPlants to make the planet lastHurry hurry Di time is moving fast
Fast food, slow foodPast food, sow good fooood!Fast food, slow foodPast food, sow good fooood!
Hurry hurry Di time is moving fastHurry hurry Di time is moving fast
VERSE 3Finger licking good but ain’t all goodDisconnected food from afar make we forget who we areCome take a walk down memory laneMama’s beef stew, Grandma’s grater cakePepperpot, pelau, African rice and callaloo, even okra tooDoh forget the pone and other sweet tings too and de bissy fe heal yu too!Yuh hear the stirring in the kitchenDon’t replace THAT with jus fast food deal. Hey.
CHORUSFood and resistanceFor climate resiliencePlants to make the planet lastHurry hurryPlants to make the planet lasthurry hurryDi time is moving fast
POST CHORUSFast food, slow foodPast food, sow good fooood!Fast food, slow foodPast food, sow good fooood!
Hurry hurry Di time is moving fastHurry hurry Di time is moving fast
OUTROFast food, slow foodPast food, sow good fooood!Fast food, slow foodPast food, sow good fooood!Fast food, slow foodPast food, sow good fooood!Fast food, slow foodPast food, sow good fooood!
Highway and houses replacing our crops
Me cyah eat brick, hey why can’t it stop?
Crises here? Let’s run a boat, de love is real.
Hurry hurryPlants to make the planet lastHurry hurryDi time is moving fast
5.3. Locating R4R Lyrics in Arts and Humanities Methods for Climate Change
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Workshop 1: |
(30 October 2021)
|This workshop explored where locally produced foods came from, the long-term marginalisation of Afrodescendant (and Indigenous) agrifood heritage and practices, and implications for agrobiodiversity and climate change. This workshop developed participants’ understanding of food and climate-heritage research and sensory methods. It included an information pack for conducting sensory oral-history interviews with elders; stories from the interviews were added to a Caribbean story map (with consent) and inspired the songs co-created in workshop 3.|
|Workshop 2: |
Right Here, Right Now
(13 November 2021)
|Workshop 2 developed participants’ understandings of climate adaptation, resilience, and justice research. Using online board games and playful learning, participants traced Caribbean foods back to their source. In this workshop, participants reflected on our food behaviours and their carbon/ecological footprints by identifying ingredients produced on plantations located on the global story map, e.g., palm oil, with age-appropriate insights from scholarly work on the ‘plantationocene’. Through games such as Kahoots, we examined which crops were climate resilient and which were not. This workshop explored strategies for a food-secure, climate-resilient, and climate-just future.|
|Workshop 3: |
(12 February 2022)
|Workshop 3 aimed to capture the hearts and minds of young people and their vision for a more resilient future, through the co-creation of calypso, soca, reggae, rap, and spoken-word songs. The song-writing process, facilitated by the Song Academy, was inspired by the stories, games and presentations in Workshops 1 and 2. Workshop 3 and post-workshop production resulted in the song: “Food and Resistance for Climate Resilience”.|
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Plummer, N.; Wilson, M.; Yaneva-Toraman, I.; McKenzie, C.; Mitchell, S.; Northover, P.; Crowley, K.; Edwards, T.; Richards, A. Recipes for Resilience: Engaging Caribbean Youth in Climate Action and Food Heritage through Stories and Song. Sustainability 2022, 14, 8717. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14148717
Plummer N, Wilson M, Yaneva-Toraman I, McKenzie C, Mitchell S, Northover P, Crowley K, Edwards T, Richards A. Recipes for Resilience: Engaging Caribbean Youth in Climate Action and Food Heritage through Stories and Song. Sustainability. 2022; 14(14):8717. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14148717Chicago/Turabian Style
Plummer, Nicole, Marisa Wilson, Inna Yaneva-Toraman, Charmaine McKenzie, Sylvia Mitchell, Patricia Northover, Kate Crowley, Thera Edwards, and Anthony Richards. 2022. "Recipes for Resilience: Engaging Caribbean Youth in Climate Action and Food Heritage through Stories and Song" Sustainability 14, no. 14: 8717. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14148717