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Article

Resilient Inner Cities: Conditions and Examples for the Transformation of Former Department Stores in Germany

1
ILS, Research Institute for Regional and Urban Development, 44135 Dortmund, Germany
2
School for Spatial Planning, TU Dortmund University, 44221 Dortmund, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pedro Guimarães
Sustainability 2022, 14(14), 8303; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14148303
Received: 13 May 2022 / Revised: 27 June 2022 / Accepted: 29 June 2022 / Published: 7 July 2022
Digitalisation is leading to fundamental changes in the German retail sector and the city centres as places of trade. Traditional forms of business such as department stores have significantly reduced their branch networks. Their conversion poses major questions not only for the property owners but also for the municipalities concerned. As key properties, the buildings are of particular relevance for the reorientation of the inner-city use structure. In view of the reduced importance of retail in inner cities, it is discussed how the transformation of these properties can increase the resilience of city centres. Therefore, we conducted a systematic literature analysis on urban and retail resilience and derived ten dimensions for resilient city centres. We applied the ten dimensions and related criteria in the analysis of five selected case studies in Germany and assessed that new, innovative and flexible re-uses could be realised in the former department stores, increasing the multifunctionality and robustness of the city centres. The conversion of the buildings is not only sustainable from the perspective of climate and resource efficiency, but also contributes to the preservation of the local building culture and the identification of the citizens with the inner city. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilience; urban transformation; mixed use; re-use; department stores; inner city development; conversion; retail; urban planning resilience; urban transformation; mixed use; re-use; department stores; inner city development; conversion; retail; urban planning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hangebruch, N.; Othengrafen, F. Resilient Inner Cities: Conditions and Examples for the Transformation of Former Department Stores in Germany. Sustainability 2022, 14, 8303. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14148303

AMA Style

Hangebruch N, Othengrafen F. Resilient Inner Cities: Conditions and Examples for the Transformation of Former Department Stores in Germany. Sustainability. 2022; 14(14):8303. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14148303

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hangebruch, Nina, and Frank Othengrafen. 2022. "Resilient Inner Cities: Conditions and Examples for the Transformation of Former Department Stores in Germany" Sustainability 14, no. 14: 8303. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14148303

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