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Article

Corporate Social Responsibility of SMEs: Learning Orientation and Performance Outcomes

by 1,2,* and 3
1
LAB University of Applied Sciences, LUT University, 53850 Lappeenranta, Finland
2
Turku School of Economics, University of Turku, 20500 Turku, Finland
3
Department of Business Administration, Tallinn University of Technology, 12616 Tallinn, Estonia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mário José Baptista Franco
Sustainability 2022, 14(11), 6387; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14116387
Received: 29 March 2022 / Revised: 11 May 2022 / Accepted: 20 May 2022 / Published: 24 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Responsibility and Sustainability in SMEs)
Responsibility and sustainability are today a key part of doing business globally. However, the attention of scholars and policymakers has mainly been on large multinational enterprises, with small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) receiving less attention. Recent studies have noted the importance of learning for SMEs to engage in corporate social responsibility (CSR), but it is not yet known how the learning orientation of SMEs impacts their CSR, and how the development impacts the internationalization and performance of SMEs, which are research gaps that recent studies have noted. Shedding light on those dynamics is also important from a practical perspective since in most countries SMEs constitute a large majority of firms in both amounts and total employment. The present study contributes by illustrating how CSR impacts different types of performance in SMEs, and how the learning orientation of SMEs predetermines their CSR. Regression analyses conducted on an empirical sample of Finnish SMEs indicate that CSR in SMEs has an impact on certain types of performance and that their learning orientation determines their CSR. Therefore, the study contributes to the literature on responsibility and sustainability in SMEs, and to that SME internationalization, by shedding light on the antecedents and outcomes of CSR for SMEs. View Full-Text
Keywords: responsibility; corporate social responsibility; SMEs; SME internationalization; performance; learning orientation; strategic orientations; international entrepreneurship responsibility; corporate social responsibility; SMEs; SME internationalization; performance; learning orientation; strategic orientations; international entrepreneurship
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MDPI and ACS Style

Torkkeli, L.; Durst, S. Corporate Social Responsibility of SMEs: Learning Orientation and Performance Outcomes. Sustainability 2022, 14, 6387. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14116387

AMA Style

Torkkeli L, Durst S. Corporate Social Responsibility of SMEs: Learning Orientation and Performance Outcomes. Sustainability. 2022; 14(11):6387. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14116387

Chicago/Turabian Style

Torkkeli, Lasse, and Susanne Durst. 2022. "Corporate Social Responsibility of SMEs: Learning Orientation and Performance Outcomes" Sustainability 14, no. 11: 6387. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14116387

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