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Open AccessArticle

Aeroponics Root Chamber Temperature Conditioning Design for Smart Mini-Tuber Potato Seed Cultivation

1
Department of Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Energy Engineering, National Chin-Yi University of Technology, Taichung City 41170, Taiwan
2
Department of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineering, Politeknik Negeri Bandung, Bandung 40559, Indonesia
3
Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Francesca Culasso, Alessandro Bonadonna and Simona Alfiero
Sustainability 2021, 13(9), 5140; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095140
Received: 15 March 2021 / Revised: 30 April 2021 / Accepted: 2 May 2021 / Published: 4 May 2021
The aeroponic plant root environment has a significant role in producing high-quality seed tuber potatoes. However, in lowland and tropical regions, the aeroponic system cannot yield high-quality potato seed because the average environment temperature year-round is high. In a high-temperature environment, the potato plant roots cannot optimally absorb the nutrient solution for healthy plant growth. This paper presents the method used to maintain the aeroponics root chamber temperature conditions. An air conditioning system was adopted to supply air with the optimal temperature range for mini-tuber potato seed cultivation. The vapor compression refrigeration type was applied in the air conditioning system. The root chamber temperature is controlled and monitored using an Arduino Uno board system. The mini-tuber potato seed cultivation field experiment results show the proposed method can maintain the aeroponic root chamber temperature. The root chamber temperature treatment operated in the 10 °C–20 °C range. This temperature range improved the potato seed tuber yield. The potato seed tuber yield potential is observed from the stolon number produced by the mini-tuber potato plants cultivated in the root chamber with the conditioned temperature. The field experiment reveals that the stolon number produced by potato seeds cultivated in the root chamber with conditioned temperature was up to 77% greater than the number of potato seeds cultivated in the root chamber with the unconditioned temperature. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart; faming; aeroponic; monitoring; temperature; potato seed smart; faming; aeroponic; monitoring; temperature; potato seed
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kuncoro, C.B.D.; Sutandi, T.; Adristi, C.; Kuan, Y.-D. Aeroponics Root Chamber Temperature Conditioning Design for Smart Mini-Tuber Potato Seed Cultivation. Sustainability 2021, 13, 5140. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095140

AMA Style

Kuncoro CBD, Sutandi T, Adristi C, Kuan Y-D. Aeroponics Root Chamber Temperature Conditioning Design for Smart Mini-Tuber Potato Seed Cultivation. Sustainability. 2021; 13(9):5140. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095140

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kuncoro, C. B.D.; Sutandi, Tandi; Adristi, Cornelia; Kuan, Yean-Der. 2021. "Aeroponics Root Chamber Temperature Conditioning Design for Smart Mini-Tuber Potato Seed Cultivation" Sustainability 13, no. 9: 5140. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095140

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