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Food and Nutrient Supply from Organic Agriculture in the Least Developed Countries and North America

1
Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hiroshima University, Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8529, Japan
2
TAOYAKA Program, Hiroshima University, Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8529, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Riccardo Testa and Filippo Giarratana
Sustainability 2021, 13(9), 5068; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095068
Received: 23 March 2021 / Revised: 18 April 2021 / Accepted: 26 April 2021 / Published: 30 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Food)
Although organic agriculture (OA) is praised unequivocally for its environmental and health benefits, its potential for food security is often questioned because of its perceived lower yield. Least developed countries (LDCs), which have a high prospect of conversion to OA, are underrepresented in the literature related to the yield potential of OA, and its impact on regional food security. This paper aims to assess food and nutrient (calorie, protein, and fat) supply, thereby contributing to food security, from OA using yield ratio (YR) in LDCs and to compare this with North America (NA). Literature is the main source of data to estimate YR. Food supply data available in FAOSTAT for 1963–2013 along with the YR is used to estimate food and nutrient supply from OA in 2013. YR of crops shows a higher yield from OA in LDCs compared to NA. The food supply in LDCs between 1963 and 2013 increased at a higher rate than in NA. However, per capita nutrient supply is growing at a meager rate in LDCs; calorie and protein supply are just above the minimum threshold level and fat supply is still below the threshold level. Cereal is the single most important food item contributing to nutrient supply in LDCs, indicating a lack of dietary diversity. Thus, with relatively higher yields and crop diversity, and localized production and distribution systems, OA will have important contributions in dealing with persistent food insecurity in LDCs. However, a concerted effort is necessary to achieve yield gain and wider acceptance of OA. View Full-Text
Keywords: yield ratio; food production; food supply; conventional agriculture; LDCs yield ratio; food production; food supply; conventional agriculture; LDCs
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MDPI and ACS Style

Joshi, N.P.; Piya, L. Food and Nutrient Supply from Organic Agriculture in the Least Developed Countries and North America. Sustainability 2021, 13, 5068. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095068

AMA Style

Joshi NP, Piya L. Food and Nutrient Supply from Organic Agriculture in the Least Developed Countries and North America. Sustainability. 2021; 13(9):5068. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095068

Chicago/Turabian Style

Joshi, Niraj P., and Luni Piya. 2021. "Food and Nutrient Supply from Organic Agriculture in the Least Developed Countries and North America" Sustainability 13, no. 9: 5068. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095068

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