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Article

Identifying and Comparing Obstacles and Incentives for the Implementation of Energy Saving Projects in Eastern and Western European Countries: An Exploratory Study

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Faculty of Life Sciences, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Ulmenliet 20, D-21033 Hamburg, Germany
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School of Science and the Environment, Manchester Metropolitan University, Chester Street, Manchester M21, UK
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Department of Ecological Economics, Institute of Ecological Economics and Management, Ukrainian National Forestry University, Gen. Chuprynky Street, 103, 79057 Lviv, Ukraine
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Post-Graduation in Production Engineering PPGEP and Post-Graduation in Accounting Sciences–PPGCC, University of Santa Maria–UFSM, Av. Roraima, n° 1000, Building 74c, Santa Maria 97105900, RS, Brazil
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mostafa Baboli and Jack Barkenbus
Sustainability 2021, 13(9), 4944; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094944
Received: 23 February 2021 / Revised: 20 April 2021 / Accepted: 21 April 2021 / Published: 28 April 2021
This comparison study of the implementation of energy-saving projects in buildings was conducted in order to consider the diversity of experiences between Western European countries, which have experience and expertise in this area, and those countries in Eastern Europe that are in the beginning stages. The goal of this paper is to analyze obstacles and incentives for investment in energy conservation in buildings by comparing European countries with a diverse landscape of institutional and economic developments, social-cultural values, and environmental framework conditions in order to understand if these differences are influencing the implementation of energy saving measures and how this can be used to overcome the existing obstacles. The study is based on survey results received from experts in Eastern and Western European countries. The main value of the research is that it offers an overview of the potentials and constraints (barriers) to energy efficiency in Europe, based on data from a sample of western and eastern European countries. Among the most important incentives that were implemented to stimulate energy-saving measures are costs savings and the need to meet regulatory requirements. The main obstacles that still restrict the number of already implemented projects in Europe are a lack of proper financial incentives and that many Eastern countries are still struggling to develop the market of Energy Saving Services (ESS) and to operate better energy waste control systems. The paper concludes with the successful incentives that were implemented to stimulate the energy-saving measures and the main obstacles that still restrict the number of already implemented projects in Europe. Additionally, a set of indicators related to the environmental friendliness and social significance of energy-saving measures was proposed for evaluation of the project results. These were used based on the fact that they may be measured and cater for comparisons. This paper can help improve policy-makers’ selections in order to improve economic instruments appropriate to energy-saving policy objectives and specific national contexts. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy-saving measures; buildings; energy policy; energy efficiency; environmental impacts energy-saving measures; buildings; energy policy; energy efficiency; environmental impacts
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MDPI and ACS Style

Leal Filho, W.; Fedoruk, M.; Zahvoyska, L.; Avila, L.V. Identifying and Comparing Obstacles and Incentives for the Implementation of Energy Saving Projects in Eastern and Western European Countries: An Exploratory Study. Sustainability 2021, 13, 4944. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094944

AMA Style

Leal Filho W, Fedoruk M, Zahvoyska L, Avila LV. Identifying and Comparing Obstacles and Incentives for the Implementation of Energy Saving Projects in Eastern and Western European Countries: An Exploratory Study. Sustainability. 2021; 13(9):4944. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094944

Chicago/Turabian Style

Leal Filho, Walter, Mariia Fedoruk, Lyudmyla Zahvoyska, and Lucas V. Avila. 2021. "Identifying and Comparing Obstacles and Incentives for the Implementation of Energy Saving Projects in Eastern and Western European Countries: An Exploratory Study" Sustainability 13, no. 9: 4944. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094944

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