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Article

Life Cycle Assessment of Protected Strawberry Productions in Central Italy

Department of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Università Politecnica delle Marche, 60131 Ancona, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Marcella Biddoccu and Emanuele Radicetti
Sustainability 2021, 13(9), 4879; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094879
Received: 5 March 2021 / Revised: 16 April 2021 / Accepted: 22 April 2021 / Published: 27 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Agricultural Engineering for Sustainable Agriculture)
Agricultural activities in Europe cover half of the total area of the continent and are simultaneously a cause of environmental impact and victims of the same impact. Horticultural or fruit crops are considered highly intensive and often employ many crop inputs such as fertilizers, pesticides, and various materials. Strawberry falls into this group, and it has grown in acreage and production more than others globally. The aim of this study is to compare the environmental impact of two strawberry cultivation systems in central Italy, a mulched soil tunnel and a soilless tunnel system. The method used to assess the impact is LCA, widely applied in agriculture and supported by international standards. The data used are mainly primary, related to 2018, and representative of the cultivation systems of central Italy. For impact assessment, the method selected was the CML_IA baseline version. From the results obtained, the two systems show a similar impact per kg of strawberries produced (e.g., for global warming: 0.785 kg CO2 eq for soilless, 0.778 kg CO2 eq for mulched soil tunnel). Reduced differences can be observed for the use of crop inputs (greater for the tunnel) and the use of materials and technology (greater for soilless). The mitigation measures considered concern the replacement of the packaging (excluding plastic) and the growing medium of the soilless using perlite and compost from insect breeding. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; environmental impact; soilless; tunnel; agricultural structures; greenhouse sustainability; environmental impact; soilless; tunnel; agricultural structures; greenhouse
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ilari, A.; Toscano, G.; Boakye-Yiadom, K.A.; Duca, D.; Foppa Pedretti, E. Life Cycle Assessment of Protected Strawberry Productions in Central Italy. Sustainability 2021, 13, 4879. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094879

AMA Style

Ilari A, Toscano G, Boakye-Yiadom KA, Duca D, Foppa Pedretti E. Life Cycle Assessment of Protected Strawberry Productions in Central Italy. Sustainability. 2021; 13(9):4879. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094879

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ilari, Alessio, Giuseppe Toscano, Kofi A. Boakye-Yiadom, Daniele Duca, and Ester Foppa Pedretti. 2021. "Life Cycle Assessment of Protected Strawberry Productions in Central Italy" Sustainability 13, no. 9: 4879. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094879

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