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WASH Financial and Social Investment Dynamics in a Conflict-Arid District of Jariban in Somalia

Institute of Rural Development, University of Venda, Thohoyandou 0950, South Africa
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Academic Editor: Jennifer Martínez-Ferrero
Sustainability 2021, 13(9), 4836; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094836
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 4 February 2021 / Accepted: 5 February 2021 / Published: 26 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Geography and Sustainability)
The paper investigated the social and financial resources’ interface in WASH programmes for vulnerable communities. Nineteen villages were randomly selected from the Jariban district in Somalia using the random number generator based on the village list. Data was collected in a sequential methodology that started with transect walks to observe and record the WASH infrastructure. Thirty-eight focus group discussions and desktop reviews triangulated transact walk recordings. The findings indicate minimum to zero investments towards WASH infrastructure in Jariban from the state government, with more dependency on the donor community. The study revealed that resources for the construction of latrines and water sources come from the following sources, NGOs (54.3%), diaspora community (34.5%) and community contributions (11.2%). The findings revealed a backlog in the WASH infrastructure, resulting in low access to water supply and sanitation services. The results demonstrate limited resource allocation by both the government and community, affecting the WASH infrastructure’s sustainability and further development. Due to the backlog in investments, particularly on improved latrines, it is concluded that their usage is low and a hindrance to having access to sanitation, hygiene and water as per the SDG goals, of leaving no one behind. While investment towards WASH in Jariban demonstrates multiple potential sources, there is a need to strengthen domestic resource mobilisation and explore governments’ role and capacity to secure WASH infrastructure investments. It is also recommended to explore how to tax the remittances to fund WASH infrastructure development and the private sector’s role in WASH infrastructure investment. View Full-Text
Keywords: community participation; diaspora funding; investments; resource mobilisation community participation; diaspora funding; investments; resource mobilisation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mafuta, W.; Zuwarimwe, J.; Mwale, M. WASH Financial and Social Investment Dynamics in a Conflict-Arid District of Jariban in Somalia. Sustainability 2021, 13, 4836. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094836

AMA Style

Mafuta W, Zuwarimwe J, Mwale M. WASH Financial and Social Investment Dynamics in a Conflict-Arid District of Jariban in Somalia. Sustainability. 2021; 13(9):4836. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094836

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mafuta, Wonder, Jethro Zuwarimwe, and Marizvikuru Mwale. 2021. "WASH Financial and Social Investment Dynamics in a Conflict-Arid District of Jariban in Somalia" Sustainability 13, no. 9: 4836. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094836

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