Next Article in Journal
A Geoethical Approach to Unlock a Social-Ecological Governance Problem: The Case of the Tordera River (Catalonia, Spain)
Next Article in Special Issue
Agri-Food Contexts in Mediterranean Regions: Contributions to Better Resources Management
Previous Article in Journal
Multicriteria Ranking for the Efficient and Effective Assessment of Police Departments
Previous Article in Special Issue
Estimation of Genetic Parameters and Wood Yield Selection Index in a Clonal Trial of Korean Pine (Pinus koraiensis) in Northeastern China
 
 
Article

Contribution of Natural Forest Products to Rural Livelihoods at Mavunde and Sambandou Villages, Vhembe Biosphere Reserve, South Africa

1
Department of Geography, University of South Africa, Pretoria UNISA 0001, South Africa
2
Department of Ecology and Resource Management, University of Venda, Thohoyandou 0950, South Africa
3
Department of Biological Science and Biotechnology, Midlands State University, Gweru, Zimbabwe
4
GIS Resource Centre, University of Venda, Thohoyandou 0950, South Africa
5
School of Biology and Environmental Sciences, University of Mpumalanga, Nelspruit 1200, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Grigorios L. Kyriakopoulos and Vítor João Pereira Domingues Martinho
Sustainability 2021, 13(8), 4252; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084252
Received: 5 February 2021 / Revised: 31 March 2021 / Accepted: 1 April 2021 / Published: 12 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forest Resources Management)
With ~70% of the sub-Saharan population living in rural areas, more than 90% of rural African households depend on natural forest products. Although several studies in other parts of South Africa have looked into the use of natural forest products in poverty alleviation, little is known on the roles and relative contribution of natural forest products as daily and safety nets specifically within the Vhembe Biosphere Reserve, South Africa. This study assessed the different roles played by natural forest products in households and the patterns of their relative contribution to households both as sources of income and direct consumption within differing household compositions as well as socio-economic factors. These included employment and income diversification role and the monetised value of natural resources in the rural livelihoods of households in Sambandou and Mavunde, Vhembe Biosphere Reserve, Limpopo Province, South Africa. The study inter alia compared a wide use of natural resources by two villages and determined on which forest products they most relied for their economic welfare. Their relative contributions to livelihoods were assessed by identifying factors that affected their contributions. Findings of the study showed that Sambandou had a high number of people with formal jobs and females, and fewer old-age pensioners. Differences in employment and education between villages were observed. In all villages, the most frequently used or harvested resource was fuelwood, wild edible fruits, herbs, grass/shrub hand sweepers, insects for food, thatch grass/reeds and poles for fencing and housing. Overall, Mavunde village households were found to be more dependent on natural resource harvesting both for income and subsistence substitution. Findings suggest that this may have been a consequence of socio-economic factors such as income and employment, as well as general underdevelopment in the village. This study’s findings could contribute to further studies into how these results compare to other parts of the country and region, as well as their respective developmental implications. View Full-Text
Keywords: fuelwood; livelihoods; natural resources; non–timber forest products; Vhembe Biosphere Reserve fuelwood; livelihoods; natural resources; non–timber forest products; Vhembe Biosphere Reserve
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Dalu, M.T.B.; Gunter, A.W.; Makatu, M.; Dowo, G.M.; Dondofema, F.; Dalu, T. Contribution of Natural Forest Products to Rural Livelihoods at Mavunde and Sambandou Villages, Vhembe Biosphere Reserve, South Africa. Sustainability 2021, 13, 4252. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084252

AMA Style

Dalu MTB, Gunter AW, Makatu M, Dowo GM, Dondofema F, Dalu T. Contribution of Natural Forest Products to Rural Livelihoods at Mavunde and Sambandou Villages, Vhembe Biosphere Reserve, South Africa. Sustainability. 2021; 13(8):4252. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084252

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dalu, Mwazvita T. B., Ashley W. Gunter, Mulweli Makatu, Gregory M. Dowo, Farai Dondofema, and Tatenda Dalu. 2021. "Contribution of Natural Forest Products to Rural Livelihoods at Mavunde and Sambandou Villages, Vhembe Biosphere Reserve, South Africa" Sustainability 13, no. 8: 4252. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084252

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop