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Open AccessArticle

Food Trade Openness and Enhancement of Food Security—Partial Equilibrium Model Simulations for Selected Countries

1
Al Magam Campus, College of Food and Agriculture (CFA), United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain 15551, United Arab Emirates
2
International Food Policy Research Institute, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mansoor Maitah, Luboš Smutka and EiC Marc A. Rosen
Sustainability 2021, 13(8), 4107; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084107
Received: 26 January 2021 / Revised: 21 March 2021 / Accepted: 22 March 2021 / Published: 7 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Sustainable Trade Issues and Policies)
This research measured the welfare impacts of food trade liberalization in India, Egypt, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) using the partial equilibrium model—World Integrated Trade Solution (WITS). Macroeconomic settings, domestic policy objectives, and food security indicator data are used to assess the implications of the simulations on food availability and stability. Simulation results for India, Egypt, and Pakistan indicate annual welfare gains (consumer surplus) of 2571, 340, and 25 million USD, respectively, while Saudi Arabia and the UAE have gains of 14 and 17 million USD. Results show that tariff elimination would have wide-ranging welfare impacts across food commodities within these countries. Moreover, reductions for specific commodities directly relevant to food energy and protein availability would have a greater direct impact on the poor. Lowering the highest tariffs on those commodities might raise the real incomes of more than 350 million persons by 7.5% or more and could create shifts in consumption towards more diversified and nutritionally sound diets. View Full-Text
Keywords: agri-food trade; food security indicators; regional trade; trade creation; trade diversion; consumer welfare; tariffs reduction; trade openness; partial equilibrium; simulation agri-food trade; food security indicators; regional trade; trade creation; trade diversion; consumer welfare; tariffs reduction; trade openness; partial equilibrium; simulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fathelrahman, E.; Davies, S.; Muhammad, S. Food Trade Openness and Enhancement of Food Security—Partial Equilibrium Model Simulations for Selected Countries. Sustainability 2021, 13, 4107. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084107

AMA Style

Fathelrahman E, Davies S, Muhammad S. Food Trade Openness and Enhancement of Food Security—Partial Equilibrium Model Simulations for Selected Countries. Sustainability. 2021; 13(8):4107. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084107

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fathelrahman, Eihab; Davies, Stephen; Muhammad, Safdar. 2021. "Food Trade Openness and Enhancement of Food Security—Partial Equilibrium Model Simulations for Selected Countries" Sustainability 13, no. 8: 4107. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084107

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