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Total Investment in Fixed Assets and the Later Stage of Urbanization: A Case Study of Shanghai

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School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China
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Media Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
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School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
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Institute of Urban and Demographic Studies, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, Shanghai 200020, China
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School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University of Science and Technology, Hangzhou 310023, China
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School of Automation, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pierfrancesco De Paola
Sustainability 2021, 13(7), 3661; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073661
Received: 20 February 2021 / Revised: 18 March 2021 / Accepted: 21 March 2021 / Published: 25 March 2021
After more than 40 years’ opening-up and reform, China’s urbanization has entered a new type of urbanization. In order to reveal the rule of different infrastructure investments and urbanization relationships, this paper uses Shanghai as a case by applying econometric methods to study the detailed relationship between different indicators from 1990 to 2019. Firstly, we quantify that each variable has a long-term co-integration relationship with urbanization by co-integration test. And we found that the real estate is a main driving force of urbanization while the construction project investment plays an important role in promoting the urbanization rate in the studied period. Secondly, according to the Granger test, our study illustrates that each variable has a bilateral Granger relationship with urbanization while the urbanization rate has more Granger causality impact on the studied variables. Thirdly, based on impulse response test and variance decomposition analysis, we found that urbanization rate with other variables accounts for the majority of the percentage of impacts while the total investment in fixed assets and its three categories contribute a small amount to the urbanization rate. Finally, we propose policy suggestions to strengthen healthy urbanization development in Shanghai. View Full-Text
Keywords: urbanization process; total investment in fixed assets; econometric analysis urbanization process; total investment in fixed assets; econometric analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Luo, Y.; Wang, C.; Chen, C.; Ding, K.; Zeng, W. Total Investment in Fixed Assets and the Later Stage of Urbanization: A Case Study of Shanghai. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3661. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073661

AMA Style

Luo Y, Wang C, Chen C, Ding K, Zeng W. Total Investment in Fixed Assets and the Later Stage of Urbanization: A Case Study of Shanghai. Sustainability. 2021; 13(7):3661. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073661

Chicago/Turabian Style

Luo, Yulong, Can Wang, Chen Chen, Kangle Ding, and Weiliang Zeng. 2021. "Total Investment in Fixed Assets and the Later Stage of Urbanization: A Case Study of Shanghai" Sustainability 13, no. 7: 3661. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073661

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