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Article

Electric Vehicle and Renewable Energy Sources: Motor Fusion in the Energy Transition from a Multi-Indicator Perspective

1
Faculty of Engineering, Distance University of Madrid (UDIMA), c/ Coruña, km 38.500 28400, Collado Villalba, 28029 Madrid, Spain
2
Department of Electronics, Technology of Computers and Projects, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, 30202 Cartagena, Spain
3
Advanced Structures and Composites Center, University of Maine, Flagstaff Rd, Orono, ME 04469, USA
4
Department of Automatics, Electrical Engineering and Electronic Technology, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, 30202 Cartagena, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Aritra Ghosh and Domenico Mazzeo
Sustainability 2021, 13(6), 3430; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063430
Received: 10 February 2021 / Revised: 14 March 2021 / Accepted: 17 March 2021 / Published: 19 March 2021
Energy transition requires actions from different sectors and levels, mainly focused on achieving a low-carbon and high-renewable integration society. Among the different sectors, the transport sector is responsible for more than 20% of global greenhouse gas emissions, mostly emitted in cities. Therefore, initiatives and analysis focused on electric vehicles integration powered by renewables is currently a desirable solution to mitigate climate change and promote energy transition. Under this framework, this paper proposes a multi-indicator analysis for the estimation of CO2 emissions combining renewable integration targets, reduction emission targets and realistic renewable resource potentials. Four scenarios are identified and analyzed: (i) current situation with conventional vehicles, (ii) replacement of such conventional by electric vehicles without renewable integration, (iii) and (iv) integration of renewables to fulfill emission reduction targets for 2030 and 2050 respectively. The analysis is evaluated in the state of Maine (United States). From the results, a minimum renewable penetration of 39% and 82%, respectively, is needed to fulfill the emission reduction targets for 2030 and 2050 by considering 100% conventional vehicle replacement. Different combinations of available renewable resources can reduce emissions by more than 35%. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric vehicle; renewable source; CO2 emissions; energy transition electric vehicle; renewable source; CO2 emissions; energy transition
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gil-García, I.C.; García-Cascales, M.S.; Dagher, H.; Molina-García, A. Electric Vehicle and Renewable Energy Sources: Motor Fusion in the Energy Transition from a Multi-Indicator Perspective. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3430. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063430

AMA Style

Gil-García IC, García-Cascales MS, Dagher H, Molina-García A. Electric Vehicle and Renewable Energy Sources: Motor Fusion in the Energy Transition from a Multi-Indicator Perspective. Sustainability. 2021; 13(6):3430. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063430

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gil-García, Isabel C., Mª S. García-Cascales, Habib Dagher, and Angel Molina-García. 2021. "Electric Vehicle and Renewable Energy Sources: Motor Fusion in the Energy Transition from a Multi-Indicator Perspective" Sustainability 13, no. 6: 3430. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063430

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