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A Measure of Tourist Responsibility

Universidade Lusófona/TRIE, 1749-024 Lisbon, Portugal
DMOGG, ISCTE-IUL, 1649-026 Lisbon, Portugal
BRU-Business Research Unit, DMOGG, ISCTE-IUL, 1649-026 Lisbon, Portugal
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Bianco
Sustainability 2021, 13(6), 3351;
Received: 31 January 2021 / Revised: 2 March 2021 / Accepted: 10 March 2021 / Published: 18 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Challenges and Opportunities for a Sustainable Tourism Sector)
In a post-pandemic context, destinations are questioning mass tourism, and are focusing on more sustainable segments, looking for more responsible tourists. This requires obtaining relevant information to assess what kind of tourists visit the destination and, at the same time, to monitor changes in tourists’ behavior and attitudes. This study aims to respond to this challenge by creating a measure to assess the tourist’s responsibility. Using a scale development method, a sequential mixed-method approach is conducted to identify scale dimensions and items. An initial qualitative approach is implemented for item generation using focus group and face-to-face interviews. Then, a second study based on a survey is conducted for exploratory factor analysis. A third study, also based on a survey is performed to obtain a new sample for confirmatory factor analysis. Findings show two dimensions: civic responsibility and philanthropic responsibility, allowing an understanding of how tourists can act responsibly in destinations without compromising the ecological footprint on the planet. Theoretical and managerial implications are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: responsible tourism; tourist responsibility; scale development; sustainability; PLS responsible tourism; tourist responsibility; scale development; sustainability; PLS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dias, Á.; Aldana, I.; Pereira, L.; da Costa, R.L.; António, N. A Measure of Tourist Responsibility. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3351.

AMA Style

Dias Á, Aldana I, Pereira L, da Costa RL, António N. A Measure of Tourist Responsibility. Sustainability. 2021; 13(6):3351.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dias, Álvaro, Inês Aldana, Leandro Pereira, Renato Lopes da Costa, and Nelson António. 2021. "A Measure of Tourist Responsibility" Sustainability 13, no. 6: 3351.

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