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Article

Measuring the Economic Performance of Small Ruminant Farms Using Balanced Scorecard and Importance-Performance Analysis: A European Case Study

1
Department of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences (D3A), Università Politecnica delle Marche, via Brecce Bianche, 60131 Ancona, Italy
2
Organic Research Centre, Trent Lodge, Stroud Road, Cirencester GL7 6JN, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Claudio Bellia
Sustainability 2021, 13(6), 3321; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063321
Received: 21 February 2021 / Revised: 11 March 2021 / Accepted: 12 March 2021 / Published: 17 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Agricultural Economy and Marketing Management)
Given the increasing complexity of the agro-food sector, the analysis of financial performance alone may not be sufficient to assess the economic sustainability of farmers. This paper presents a practical method to measure the performance of farm businesses by combining the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) theoretical framework and Importance–Performance Analysis (IPA). The proposed model of Business Performance Indicators (BPI) measurement allows identification and validation of the indicators that consistently measure the latent dimension of the BSC framework while allowing identification Buin of the BPI areas where farm businesses need to concentrate their efforts to assure economic sustainability. The method was applied to small ruminant farm businesses across Europe through visits and interviews. The case study application showed that the model could help measure the performance of small farms while allowing detection of the areas of fragility and intervention. The case study results showed that finance and internal business management were the most relevant farmers’ weaknesses, alongside low priority given to innovation. In conclusion, to prevent the potential long-term decline of the sector, the study provided evidence for policy changes to support the farmers’ innovation potential and a higher level of integration in the supply chain. View Full-Text
Keywords: innovation; livestock; market; management; finances; business process innovation; livestock; market; management; finances; business process
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gambelli, D.; Solfanelli, F.; Orsini, S.; Zanoli, R. Measuring the Economic Performance of Small Ruminant Farms Using Balanced Scorecard and Importance-Performance Analysis: A European Case Study. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3321. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063321

AMA Style

Gambelli D, Solfanelli F, Orsini S, Zanoli R. Measuring the Economic Performance of Small Ruminant Farms Using Balanced Scorecard and Importance-Performance Analysis: A European Case Study. Sustainability. 2021; 13(6):3321. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063321

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gambelli, Danilo, Francesco Solfanelli, Stefano Orsini, and Raffaele Zanoli. 2021. "Measuring the Economic Performance of Small Ruminant Farms Using Balanced Scorecard and Importance-Performance Analysis: A European Case Study" Sustainability 13, no. 6: 3321. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063321

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