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Article

Gender Roles in Sourcing and Sharing of Banana Planting Material in Communities with and without Banana Bunchy Top Disease in Nigeria

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International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), PMB 5320, Oyo Road, Ibadan PMB5320, Nigeria
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International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), PO Box 2008 Messa, Yaoundé, Cameroon
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pratyusha Basu
Sustainability 2021, 13(6), 3310; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063310
Received: 23 December 2020 / Revised: 8 March 2021 / Accepted: 8 March 2021 / Published: 17 March 2021
Banana bunchy top disease (BBTD) is the most devastating disease of banana and plantain (Musa spp.). The disease spreads through the use of infected vegetative propagules and the banana aphid (Pentalonia nigronervosa) is the virus vector. This study seeks to understand the gender dimensions and sociocultural aspects of banana seed (vegetative propagule) sourcing and sharing practices among men and women farmers, and its influence on BBTD spread and disease control efforts. Data were collected from 300 banana farmers (187 men and 113 women) in BBTD and non-BBTD areas in southwest Nigeria. The results revealed that seed sharing within the communities is a social responsibility with members expected to share banana seed with the needy mainly as gifts rather than sold for cash. Men farmers mostly sourced seed from old fields, while women sourced seed from relatives. Harvesting of banana seed was predominantly the responsibility of men with women as helpers. Both men and women farmers in the non-BBTD area cultivated larger farm sizes and harvested more banana planting material than farmers in the BBTD area. The existing seed sourcing practices among men and women farmers heighten the risk of BBTD spread. Awareness raising on disease spread through infected seeds should consider gender-differentiated roles and social practices to reduce its spread within communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: seed systems; gender; banana bunchy top virus; disease control; vegetative propagation seed systems; gender; banana bunchy top virus; disease control; vegetative propagation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nkengla-Asi, L.; Eforuoku, F.; Olaosebikan, O.; Adejoju Ladigbolu, T.; Amah, D.; Hanna, R.; Kumar, P.L. Gender Roles in Sourcing and Sharing of Banana Planting Material in Communities with and without Banana Bunchy Top Disease in Nigeria. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3310. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063310

AMA Style

Nkengla-Asi L, Eforuoku F, Olaosebikan O, Adejoju Ladigbolu T, Amah D, Hanna R, Kumar PL. Gender Roles in Sourcing and Sharing of Banana Planting Material in Communities with and without Banana Bunchy Top Disease in Nigeria. Sustainability. 2021; 13(6):3310. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063310

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nkengla-Asi, Lilian, Favour Eforuoku, Olamide Olaosebikan, Temitope Adejoju Ladigbolu, Delphine Amah, Rachid Hanna, and P. L. Kumar 2021. "Gender Roles in Sourcing and Sharing of Banana Planting Material in Communities with and without Banana Bunchy Top Disease in Nigeria" Sustainability 13, no. 6: 3310. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063310

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