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Article

Trade-Offs between Agricultural Production, GHG Emissions and Income in a Changing Climate, Technology, and Food Demand Scenario

CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Borlaug Institute for South Asia (BISA), International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT), New Delhi 110012, India
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Roberto Mancinelli
Sustainability 2021, 13(6), 3190; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063190
Received: 12 December 2020 / Revised: 5 March 2021 / Accepted: 5 March 2021 / Published: 15 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Systems to Address Climate Challenges)
Climate-smart agriculture targets integrated adaptation and mitigation strategies for delivering food security and greenhouse gas emissions reduction. This study outlines a methodology to identify the trade-offs between food production, emissions, and income under technology and food demand-shift scenario and climate change. The methodology uses Climate Smart Agricultural Prioritization (CSAP) toolkit a multi-objective land-use allocation model, and detailed databases, characterizing the agricultural production processes at the land-unit scale. A case study has also been demonstrated for Bihar, a state in India. The quantification of trade-offs demonstrates that under different technology growth pathways alone the food self-sufficiency for Bihar cannot be achieved whilst the reduction in emission intensity targets are achievable up to 2040. However, both food self-sufficiency and reduction in emission intensity can be achieved if we relax constraints on dietary demand and focus on kilo-calories maximization targets. The district-level analysis shows that food self-sufficiency and reduction in emission intensity targets can be achieved at a local scale through efficient crop-technology portfolios. View Full-Text
Keywords: trade-offs; adaptation; mitigation; prioritization; climate-smart agriculture; optimization trade-offs; adaptation; mitigation; prioritization; climate-smart agriculture; optimization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shirsath, P.B.; Aggarwal, P.K. Trade-Offs between Agricultural Production, GHG Emissions and Income in a Changing Climate, Technology, and Food Demand Scenario. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3190. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063190

AMA Style

Shirsath PB, Aggarwal PK. Trade-Offs between Agricultural Production, GHG Emissions and Income in a Changing Climate, Technology, and Food Demand Scenario. Sustainability. 2021; 13(6):3190. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063190

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shirsath, Paresh B., and Pramod K. Aggarwal 2021. "Trade-Offs between Agricultural Production, GHG Emissions and Income in a Changing Climate, Technology, and Food Demand Scenario" Sustainability 13, no. 6: 3190. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063190

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