Public–Private Partnerships for Climate Technology Transfer and Innovation: Lessons from the Climate Technology Centre and Network
2. Theoretical Backgrounds
2.1. Technology–Push versus Market–Pull Innovation
2.2. Staged Innovation
3.1. Role of the Private Sector in the CTCN Technical Assistance
3.1.1. Role as Implementor during the First Stage of Technology Outsourcing
3.1.2. Role as Incubator during the Second Stage of Technology Demonstration
3.1.3. Role as Investor during the Third Stage of Technology Diffusion
3.2. Shared Interest between the CTCN and the Private Sector
4.1. The Short-Term Strategy: More Engaged Network Members in the First Staged Technical Assistance
4.2. Long-Term Strategy: Shifting to Market–Pull Innovation
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Stage||Title of Technical Assistance||Country||Private Member|
|First, Technology outsourcing||Solomon Water and Energy Efficiency and Self-Generation Plan||Solomon Islands||PwC Price Water House India|
|Saline water purification for households and low-cost durable housing technology for coastal areas of Bangladesh||Bangladesh||Glory and Tech|
|Second, Technology demonstration||Support for e-mobility transition in Jakarta||Indonesia||Cadmus Group LLC|
|Pilot demonstration of Energy Service Company (ESCO) model for greenhouse gases emission reduction in the cement sector||Viet Nam||Econoler|
|Third, Technology diffusion||Substantial GHG emissions reduction in the cement industry by using waste heat recovery combined with mineral carbon capture and utilization||South Africa||Taiheiyo Cement Corporation|
|Incubating Climate Technologies in Small and Medium Enterprises in Chile||Chile||Carbon Trust|
|CTCN Stakeholders||Answers in Keywords|
|Current CTCN Network member||Kenyan Climate Innovation Centre, Kenya||Technology transfer (technical assistance and financial assistance); lack of knowledge; lack of financing; continuity and long-term engagement; innovation; qualitative and quantitative success factors; lack of internal structure and corporate governance among SMEs; some hesitation to share detailed information from private sector|
|Econoler, Canada||Promote know-how in climate-smart technologies; CTCN network; consultancy assignments; return on investment; time, money and effort. Access to tenders; community of practice; expanding climate change portfolio to other geographies; business development opportunity not clear|
|Ramboll, Denmark||Access to tenders; community of practice; expanding climate change portfolio to other geographies; business development opportunity not clear; difficult to devote pro-bono time; webinars; trainings; no risks; collaboration; reputation|
|Solvatten, Sweden||Network for knowledge and contacts; opportunities for procurement and tenders; need for internal capacity; innovation; result based impact|
|Potential Network member||Adarsh Polymer, Kenya||Learn technologies; sharing knowledge; help others; achieve more; network; engagement; common objectives|
|European Energy, Denmark||Prioritised access to a specific country/market; network and/or understanding of the market/country; engagement; facilitation; network; funding of projects unclear; limited risk|
|Exotic EPZ, Kenya||Identification of the right technologies; innovation; private sector is very result oriented; network; engagement; mentorship and training; create value; create impact; time invested|
|NIBE Energy Systems, Sweden||Possibilities for new markets; matchmaker; network; new contacts; information about political environment; local presence in the country; how much information to share|
|Government representative||United States Agency for International Development (USAID)||Co-creation mutually beneficial achievements to collaboration; private sector might have some solutions that they want to propose; private sector as potential co-founders of solutions; forms of acquisition and assistance; monitoring, evaluation and learning; alignment between the private sector’s interest and the agency’s initiatives; principles of co-creation are networking, engagement and developing shared solutions|
|Ministry of Science and ICT, Republic of Korea||Increase their income; establish and enhance a network for business development and technology diffusion with the government of South Korea and developing countries; innovation; different partners around the world; CTCN as a trusted partner that ensures developing a higher quality pipeline and provides access to different partners; potential for scale up|
|CTCN Interest||Shared Interest||Private Sector Interest|
|Connect countries to climate technology solutions||Developing existing and new markets||Interest and ability to find and develop new markets|
|Enhance the network, technical expertise, operational and project delivery capacity, scale (multi-country)||Combining resources/partnering||Access to network: skills, knowledge, technical expertise, financial resources|
|Strengthen cooperation with governments and donors, the private sector||Public-private policy dialogue focused on addressing climate change||Reduction of regulatory, political risks, understanding of business and other regulations|
|Encourage innovations||Innovation||Drive to innovate, compete and constantly increase efficiency|
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Lee, W.J.; Juskenaite, I.; Mwebaza, R. Public–Private Partnerships for Climate Technology Transfer and Innovation: Lessons from the Climate Technology Centre and Network. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3185. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063185
Lee WJ, Juskenaite I, Mwebaza R. Public–Private Partnerships for Climate Technology Transfer and Innovation: Lessons from the Climate Technology Centre and Network. Sustainability. 2021; 13(6):3185. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063185Chicago/Turabian Style
Lee, Woo Jin, Irma Juskenaite, and Rose Mwebaza. 2021. "Public–Private Partnerships for Climate Technology Transfer and Innovation: Lessons from the Climate Technology Centre and Network" Sustainability 13, no. 6: 3185. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063185