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Article

The Adaptive Reuse of Cultural Heritage in European Circular City Plans: A Systematic Review

by 1,* and 2
1
Institute for Ecological Economics, Department of Socioeconomics, Vienna University of Economics and Business, 1020 Vienna, Austria
2
ICHEC Brussels Management School, 1150 Brussels, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Luigi Fusco Girard and Christian Ost
Sustainability 2021, 13(5), 2889; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052889
Received: 29 January 2021 / Revised: 23 February 2021 / Accepted: 2 March 2021 / Published: 7 March 2021
A new movement in urban environmental policy, the circular economy (CE), aims to change how Europeans consume and produce materials and energy. Cities are taking up the CE challenge. This research inquires whether the infant CE programs in European cities include cultural heritage and adaptive reuse of cultural heritage (ARCH) buildings. ARCH buildings exemplify the central principal of the CE, which is a temporally long service life with multiple uses for several generations of users. In addition, culture and cultural heritage buildings are established drivers of socioeconomic development, urban landscape, and identity. Hypothetically, cultural heritage and adaptive reuse of cultural heritage (ARCH) buildings should be prominently included in European cities’ CE programs, particularly those cities that are highly ranked on the 2019 European Cultural and Creative Cities Monitor (Monitor). To test this hypothesis, this study creates a novel dataset that profiles the existing circular city plans of 190 European cities included in the Monitor’s ranking. Contrary to the hypothesis, just seven percent of cities in the dataset include cultural heritage. European cities are missing an opportunity to achieve their CE goals and preserve their unique identities as embodied in the built environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: circular economy; circular city; cultural and creative cities; sustainability; urban policy; adaptive reuse; heritage economics; buildings; Europe circular economy; circular city; cultural and creative cities; sustainability; urban policy; adaptive reuse; heritage economics; buildings; Europe
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MDPI and ACS Style

Foster, G.; Saleh, R. The Adaptive Reuse of Cultural Heritage in European Circular City Plans: A Systematic Review. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2889. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052889

AMA Style

Foster G, Saleh R. The Adaptive Reuse of Cultural Heritage in European Circular City Plans: A Systematic Review. Sustainability. 2021; 13(5):2889. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052889

Chicago/Turabian Style

Foster, Gillian, and Ruba Saleh. 2021. "The Adaptive Reuse of Cultural Heritage in European Circular City Plans: A Systematic Review" Sustainability 13, no. 5: 2889. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052889

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