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Open AccessArticle

Participatory Assessment of Multi Risks in Urban Regions—The Case of Critical Infrastructures in Metropolitan Lima

1
Institute of Spatial Planning, TU Dortmund University, 44227 Dortmund, Germany
2
Plan + Risk Consult, 44227 Dortmund, Germany
3
DIALOGIK gGmbH, 70176 Stuttgart, Germany
4
Independent Researcher, 7500723 Santiago, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: George D. Bathrellos
Sustainability 2021, 13(5), 2813; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052813
Received: 18 February 2021 / Revised: 1 March 2021 / Accepted: 1 March 2021 / Published: 5 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Planning of Urban Regions)
This paper aims to provide a comprehensive picture of risk governance and conceptualize an approach to dealing with multi-risks in the Metropolitan Region of Lima, Peru. We argue that the impacts of extreme events are not solely determined by a given place-based vulnerability and risk profile but are considerably influenced by cascading effects caused by service disruptions of critical infrastructures, which may even take place outside the exposed areas. This paper tests a new conceptual framework for assessing criticality and provides an evidence basis for effective risk governance of critical infrastructures in urban regions. The findings are based on a multi-method approach which includes participatory activities. The overall results show that the electricity sector is the sector with the highest systemic criticality, followed by IT and emergency response. These results help to identify gaps in actors’ awareness of interdependencies and show the general criticalities of infrastructures with regard to both physical and actor-related factors. A better understanding of the given interconnection between sectors, but also of specific system elements, is an indispensable prerequisite for resilience building. Furthermore, the analysis underlines specific cooperation and communication needs between different stakeholders but also indicates the requirement for a prioritization of sectors in contingency plans and spatial planning. View Full-Text
Keywords: critical infrastructures; risk governance; urban regions; criticality; multi-risk assessment; multi-risk management critical infrastructures; risk governance; urban regions; criticality; multi-risk assessment; multi-risk management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Greiving, S.; Fleischhauer, M.; León, C.D.; Schödl, L.; Wachinger, G.; Quintana Miralles, I.K.; Prado Larraín, B. Participatory Assessment of Multi Risks in Urban Regions—The Case of Critical Infrastructures in Metropolitan Lima. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2813. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052813

AMA Style

Greiving S, Fleischhauer M, León CD, Schödl L, Wachinger G, Quintana Miralles IK, Prado Larraín B. Participatory Assessment of Multi Risks in Urban Regions—The Case of Critical Infrastructures in Metropolitan Lima. Sustainability. 2021; 13(5):2813. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052813

Chicago/Turabian Style

Greiving, Stefan; Fleischhauer, Mark; León, Christian D.; Schödl, Leonie; Wachinger, Gisela; Quintana Miralles, Iris K.; Prado Larraín, Benjamín. 2021. "Participatory Assessment of Multi Risks in Urban Regions—The Case of Critical Infrastructures in Metropolitan Lima" Sustainability 13, no. 5: 2813. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052813

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