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Article

Burnout among Direct-Care Workers in Nursing Homes during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Spain: A Preventive and Educational Focus for Sustainable Workplaces

1
Department of Social Work and Social Services, University of Murcia, 30003 Murcia, Spain
2
Department of Sociology, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
3
Department of Education, University of Extremadura, 06006 Badajoz, Spain
4
Cupey Campus, Ana G. Méndez University, San Juan, PR 00926, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesco Caputo
Sustainability 2021, 13(5), 2782; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052782
Received: 12 January 2021 / Revised: 15 February 2021 / Accepted: 25 February 2021 / Published: 4 March 2021
Due to their continuous contact with pain and death, healthcare workers have one of the most stressful professions. Pain and death are more common in nursing homes. During the health crisis associated with COVID-19, these work centers have been characterized as spaces of high vulnerability to infection for the elderly, with a high mortality rate. This research aims to determine how the health crisis associated with COVID-19 has influenced healthcare professionals working in nursing homes for the elderly. Using a quantitative and cross-sectional method, the research was developed in residential centers in the Region of Murcia (Spain) during the second wave of the pandemic. A survey design based mainly on the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was employed. MBI measures three subscales: emotional burnout, depersonalization, and self-fulfillment. The results show that 6.4% of the respondents were burned out, 53.8% of the participants were emotionally exhausted, 35.1% were found to suffer from depersonalization, and in the case of personal development, the respondents showed a low level of 15.6%. This study shows the need to consider the establishment, in the academic environment, of training programs for health professionals related to coping with, managing, and identifying stress, especially in adverse circumstances. Similarly, in the professional field, it is necessary to develop strategies to prevent stress and anxiety in the workplace. The development of training programs for this purpose is essential for achieving a sustainable work context. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; health professionals; burnout; Spain; nursing homes; senior centers; prevention; training programs; sustainable work environments COVID-19; health professionals; burnout; Spain; nursing homes; senior centers; prevention; training programs; sustainable work environments
MDPI and ACS Style

Martínez-López, J.Á.; Lázaro-Pérez, C.; Gómez-Galán, J. Burnout among Direct-Care Workers in Nursing Homes during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Spain: A Preventive and Educational Focus for Sustainable Workplaces. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2782. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052782

AMA Style

Martínez-López JÁ, Lázaro-Pérez C, Gómez-Galán J. Burnout among Direct-Care Workers in Nursing Homes during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Spain: A Preventive and Educational Focus for Sustainable Workplaces. Sustainability. 2021; 13(5):2782. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052782

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martínez-López, José Á., Cristina Lázaro-Pérez, and José Gómez-Galán. 2021. "Burnout among Direct-Care Workers in Nursing Homes during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Spain: A Preventive and Educational Focus for Sustainable Workplaces" Sustainability 13, no. 5: 2782. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052782

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