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Article

An Investigation upon Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0 within the Context of Sustainable Development Goals

1
Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Kafkas University, Kars 36000, Turkey
2
Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Atatürk University, Erzurum 25000, Turkey
3
Social Sciences Institute, Kafkas University, Kars 36000, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Radosław Wolniak
Sustainability 2021, 13(5), 2682; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052682
Received: 8 February 2021 / Revised: 17 February 2021 / Accepted: 24 February 2021 / Published: 2 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Society 5.0 and Industry 4.0 Relations and Implications)
In the literature, quite limited research exists on the subject of Society 5.0. The present study examined the existence of Society 5.0 and the effectiveness of Industry 4.0 and evaluated the efficiency of United Nations Development Goals (SDGs) in this process, especially in Turkey. The research was carried out based on data obtained through a survey form with 30 questions which was conducted with 335 academicians working at Kafkas University. The data were analyzed by means of exploratory factor analysis with the SPSS program, confirmatory factor analysis with AMOS, and structural equation modeling with Smart PLS. The analysis results indicated that SDG9, SDG10, SDG11, SDG12, SDG13, and SDG14 had a low influence (i.e., R2: 0.172) on the application of Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0. Moreover, it was observed that the participants were heavily affected by order of the day and gave responses to the questions with that impact. The study also revealed that Turkey did not have a leading philosophy in the field of Society 5.0 and Industry 4.0 and made progress by concentrating on out-dated processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: Society 5.0; super smart society; SDGs; Industry 4.0; digitalized society Society 5.0; super smart society; SDGs; Industry 4.0; digitalized society
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zengin, Y.; Naktiyok, S.; Kaygın, E.; Kavak, O.; Topçuoğlu, E. An Investigation upon Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0 within the Context of Sustainable Development Goals. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2682. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052682

AMA Style

Zengin Y, Naktiyok S, Kaygın E, Kavak O, Topçuoğlu E. An Investigation upon Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0 within the Context of Sustainable Development Goals. Sustainability. 2021; 13(5):2682. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052682

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zengin, Yunus, Serkan Naktiyok, Erdoğan Kaygın, Onur Kavak, and Ethem Topçuoğlu. 2021. "An Investigation upon Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0 within the Context of Sustainable Development Goals" Sustainability 13, no. 5: 2682. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052682

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