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Open AccessArticle

Innovative Solutions for the Development of Sustainable Transport and Improvement of the Tourist Accessibility of Peripheral Areas: The Case of the Białowieża Forest Region

Faculty of Engineering Management, Bialystok University of Technology, 15-351 Bialystok, Poland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Armando Cartenì
Sustainability 2021, 13(4), 2381; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042381
Received: 6 December 2020 / Revised: 14 February 2021 / Accepted: 17 February 2021 / Published: 23 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Organisation Management for Environmental Sustainability)
One of the main challenges affecting development opportunities of peripheral areas, particularly the development of tourism, includes the provision of satisfactory solutions for mobility and transport accessibility. Therefore, there is a high demand for innovative and sustainable transport solutions, which would increase the competitiveness of these regions, as well as reduce the negative impact of transport on the environment. This paper includes indications of the main directions of research on sustainable transport, the analysis of innovative solutions for improving the tourist accessibility of peripheral areas, and the development of an intermodal model of tourist mobility. The developed model was verified in terms of tourists’ needs for sustainable and innovative transport solutions. The region of the Białowieża Forest, exhibiting high potential for tourism development due to its natural values—unique at the European and global scale—was selected for verification. The Białowieża Forest was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List as one of the few cross-border World Heritage sites. The study applied heuristic research methods, including brainstorming, the Delphi method, case studies, and a diagnostic survey (421 respondents). The developed model of tourist mobility is based on the combination of the public transport network and the availability of electric bicycle and electric car rental. The survey of tourists in the region of the Białowieża Forest showed the demand for new mobile solutions, particularly in the field of e-mobility. The results of quantitative research indicate that around 40% of respondents express high and very high demand for sustainable and innovative mobile solutions, including e-mobility. View Full-Text
Keywords: innovation; sustainable transport; mobility; tourist accessibility; peripheral area innovation; sustainable transport; mobility; tourist accessibility; peripheral area
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MDPI and ACS Style

Szymańska, E.; Panfiluk, E.; Kiryluk, H. Innovative Solutions for the Development of Sustainable Transport and Improvement of the Tourist Accessibility of Peripheral Areas: The Case of the Białowieża Forest Region. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2381. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042381

AMA Style

Szymańska E, Panfiluk E, Kiryluk H. Innovative Solutions for the Development of Sustainable Transport and Improvement of the Tourist Accessibility of Peripheral Areas: The Case of the Białowieża Forest Region. Sustainability. 2021; 13(4):2381. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042381

Chicago/Turabian Style

Szymańska, Elżbieta; Panfiluk, Eugenia; Kiryluk, Halina. 2021. "Innovative Solutions for the Development of Sustainable Transport and Improvement of the Tourist Accessibility of Peripheral Areas: The Case of the Białowieża Forest Region" Sustainability 13, no. 4: 2381. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042381

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