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Article

Resilience of Urban Economic Structures Following the Great Recession

1
School of Complex Adaptive Systems, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
2
Global Climate Forum, 10178 Berlin, Germany
3
Decision Theater, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
4
School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Colin Michael Hall
Sustainability 2021, 13(4), 2374; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042374
Received: 21 January 2021 / Revised: 10 February 2021 / Accepted: 18 February 2021 / Published: 23 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
The future sustainability of cities is contingent on economic resilience. Yet, urban resilience is still not well understood, as cities are frequently disrupted by shocks, such as natural disasters, economic recessions, or changes in government policies. These shocks can significantly alter a city’s economic structure. Yet the term economic structure is often used metaphorically and is often not understood sufficiently by those having to implement policies. Here, we operationalized the concept of economic structure as a weighted network of interdependent industry sectors. For 938 U.S. urban areas, we then quantified the magnitude of change in the areas’ economic structures over time, focusing on changes associated with the 2007–2009 global recession. The result is a novel method of analyzing urban change over time as well as a typology of U.S. urban systems based on how their economic structures responded to the recession. We further compared those urban types to changes in economic performance during the recession to explore each structural type’s adaptive capacity. Results suggest cities that undergo constant but measured change are better positioned to weather the impacts of economic shocks. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilience; development; economic structure; interdependence; economic shocks resilience; development; economic structure; interdependence; economic shocks
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shutters, S.T.; Kandala, S.S.; Wei, F.; Kinzig, A.P. Resilience of Urban Economic Structures Following the Great Recession. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2374. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042374

AMA Style

Shutters ST, Kandala SS, Wei F, Kinzig AP. Resilience of Urban Economic Structures Following the Great Recession. Sustainability. 2021; 13(4):2374. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042374

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shutters, Shade T., Srinivasa S. Kandala, Fangwu Wei, and Ann P. Kinzig. 2021. "Resilience of Urban Economic Structures Following the Great Recession" Sustainability 13, no. 4: 2374. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042374

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