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Open AccessArticle

Long-Term Influence of Stump-Removal on Components of Hemiboreal Pine Forest Ecosystem

1
Latvian State Forest Research Institute “SILAVA”, LV-2169 Salaspils, Latvia
2
“Skogssallskapet” SIA, LV-4101 Cēsis, Latvia
3
Faculty of Biology, University of Latvia, LV-1004 Riga, Latvia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sara Burbi
Sustainability 2021, 13(4), 2095; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042095
Received: 22 December 2020 / Revised: 8 February 2021 / Accepted: 10 February 2021 / Published: 16 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Agroforestry and Ecosystem Regeneration)
Use of whole tree biomass becomes increasingly more important due to rising demand for renewable energy and materials to replace fossil resources. Therefore, assessment of influence of this approach on hemiboreal forest ecosystem is essential. The aim of our study was to assess the long-term influence of full biomass removal (FBR) on the ground vegetation and soil chemical composition in Scots pine stands. Study sites were located in Vacciniosa, Myrtillosa, and Myrtillosa mel. forest types. Almost half a century from the FBR, it had no notable or significant influence on number of ground vegetation species. Significant differences in overall vegetation composition between stands established after FBR and conventional harvesting (stem-wood removal) were not found by the detrended correspondence analysis (DCA) and analysis of similarities (ANOSIM). In addition, values of Ellenberg and Düll indicators were similar and, in most cases (determined by forest type and parameter), had no significant differences between FBR and the same age control stands. Similarly, no significant differences were found between these stands in soil carbon and nitrogen pools. Thus, there had not been a negative long-term effect of FBR on the hemiboreal Scots pine ecosystem as indicated by ground vegetation and soil. View Full-Text
Keywords: full biomass gathering; vegetation; long-term effects; soil chemical composition; detrended correspondence analysis full biomass gathering; vegetation; long-term effects; soil chemical composition; detrended correspondence analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Čakšs, R.; Čakša, L.; Desaine, I.; Lībiete, Z.; Elferts, D.; Butlers, A.; Jansons, Ā. Long-Term Influence of Stump-Removal on Components of Hemiboreal Pine Forest Ecosystem. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2095. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042095

AMA Style

Čakšs R, Čakša L, Desaine I, Lībiete Z, Elferts D, Butlers A, Jansons Ā. Long-Term Influence of Stump-Removal on Components of Hemiboreal Pine Forest Ecosystem. Sustainability. 2021; 13(4):2095. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042095

Chicago/Turabian Style

Čakšs, Roberts; Čakša, Linda; Desaine, Iveta; Lībiete, Zane; Elferts, Didzis; Butlers, Aldis; Jansons, Āris. 2021. "Long-Term Influence of Stump-Removal on Components of Hemiboreal Pine Forest Ecosystem" Sustainability 13, no. 4: 2095. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042095

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