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Article

A Future Outlook of Narratives for the Built Environment in Japan

1
Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), Hayama 240-0115, Japan
2
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Teresa Domenech
Sustainability 2021, 13(4), 1653; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041653
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 29 January 2021 / Accepted: 29 January 2021 / Published: 4 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Urban Transitions: Towards Low-Carbon, Circular Cities)
The evolution of long-term sustainable societies is closely connected to the transformation of the physical built environment in which those societies operate. In this paper, we present a comprehensive set of narratives for the built environment in Japan, consistent with the shared socio-economic pathways (SSPs) framework, to assess the future evolution of the adaptation and mitigation challenges. We focus on the linkage between sustainability factors and human living environments including urban form, buildings, and basic infrastructures. We introduce a new, sixth narrative to the SSPs, an alternative interpretation of SSP1. Whereas the original SSP1 assumes high societal and environmental sustainability combined with relatively high economic growth, the SSP1 variant does not highly rely on economic growth and is oriented towards a lower and more locally oriented consumption lifestyle. Nature-based solutions are integrated and examined in the new SSP1 narrative, which is aligned with the adaptation to the digital era with freedom of location. Recent global crises such as climate change and the COVID-19 pandemic may accelerate the transformation of societies. Therefore, this study attempts to imply the benefits and trade-offs of alternative pathways for the built environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development strategies; long-term scenario analysis; SSPs; cities; nature-based solutions; well-being; beyond growth; regional circular economy; resilience sustainable development strategies; long-term scenario analysis; SSPs; cities; nature-based solutions; well-being; beyond growth; regional circular economy; resilience
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kamei, M.; Mastrucci, A.; van Ruijven, B.J. A Future Outlook of Narratives for the Built Environment in Japan. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1653. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041653

AMA Style

Kamei M, Mastrucci A, van Ruijven BJ. A Future Outlook of Narratives for the Built Environment in Japan. Sustainability. 2021; 13(4):1653. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041653

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kamei, Miho, Alessio Mastrucci, and Bas J. van Ruijven. 2021. "A Future Outlook of Narratives for the Built Environment in Japan" Sustainability 13, no. 4: 1653. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041653

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