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Article

Multidimensional Aspects of Sustainable Biofuel Feedstock Production

1
Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
2
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Farooq Sher
Sustainability 2021, 13(3), 1424; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031424
Received: 26 December 2020 / Revised: 25 January 2021 / Accepted: 26 January 2021 / Published: 29 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Water Quality Management in the Changing Environment)
Bioenergy is becoming increasingly relevant as an alternative to fossil fuels. Various bioenergy feedstocks are suggested as environmentally friendly solutions due to their positive impact on stream health and ability to sequester carbon, but most evaluations for bioenergy feedstocks have not evaluated the implications of bioenergy crop production holistically to date. Through the application of multi-objective optimization on 10 bioenergy feedstock rotations in a Michigan watershed, a Pareto front is searched to identify optimal trade-off solutions for three objective functions representing stream health, environmental emissions/carbon footprint, and economic feasibility. Various multi-criteria decision-making techniques are then applied to the resulting Pareto front to select a set of most-preferred trade-off solutions, which are compared to optimal solutions from each individual objective function. The most-preferred trade-off solutions indicate that a diverse mix of rotations are necessary to optimize all three objectives, whereas the individually optimal solutions do not consider a diverse range of feedstocks, thereby making the proposed multi-objective treatment an important and pragmatic strategy. View Full-Text
Keywords: stream health; life cycle analysis; bioenergy; carbon sequestration; system approach; multi-objective optimization stream health; life cycle analysis; bioenergy; carbon sequestration; system approach; multi-objective optimization
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    Doi: 10.5281/zenodo.4394233
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MDPI and ACS Style

Raschke, A.; Hernandez-Suarez, J.S.; Nejadhashemi, A.P.; Deb, K. Multidimensional Aspects of Sustainable Biofuel Feedstock Production. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1424. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031424

AMA Style

Raschke A, Hernandez-Suarez JS, Nejadhashemi AP, Deb K. Multidimensional Aspects of Sustainable Biofuel Feedstock Production. Sustainability. 2021; 13(3):1424. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031424

Chicago/Turabian Style

Raschke, Anna, J. Sebastian Hernandez-Suarez, A. Pouyan Nejadhashemi, and Kalyanmoy Deb. 2021. "Multidimensional Aspects of Sustainable Biofuel Feedstock Production" Sustainability 13, no. 3: 1424. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031424

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