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Analyzing the Structure of Closed-Loop Supply Chains: A Game Theory Perspective

1
Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Oulu, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
2
Department of Industrial Engineering and Innovation Sciences, Eindhoven University of Technology, 5612 AE Eindhoven, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(3), 1397; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031397
Received: 5 November 2020 / Revised: 13 January 2021 / Accepted: 18 January 2021 / Published: 29 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
Closed-loop supply chains (CLSCs) are seen as one of the circular economy’s leading approaches for reducing our natural environment load. Many CLSC models require collaboration among different parties. Game theory (GT) offers a way to consider the profits of all parties in a CLSC, providing insight into the costs and benefits to the involved parties in an objective and quantitative way. Presently, available reviews on the use of GT, in the context of CLSC, are quite limited and consider only a few relevant elements. Here, we present a new and more extensive framework, focusing on the collaboration structure of CLSCs. It contains a content-based analysis of 230 papers based on a four-step systematic literature review process. The characteristics studied are channels for collection, reprocessing and selling, the planning horizon, and the types of games. The structures found are graphically reviewed, leading to 196 different structures. The results show that, so far, most attention has been paid to the dual-channel collection, where collection by two retailers (dual-retailer) is the most studied case. With respect to selling, most attention has been paid to situations with two selling channels (dual-selling), i.e., one channel managed by a manufacturer and one channel managed by a remanufacturer. Studies have prioritized the role of manufacturers as that of the leader and collector. Finally, a number of directions for further research are pointed out. View Full-Text
Keywords: closed-loop supply chain; game theory; structure; network; reprocessing; planning horizon closed-loop supply chain; game theory; structure; network; reprocessing; planning horizon
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shekarian, E.; Flapper, S.D. Analyzing the Structure of Closed-Loop Supply Chains: A Game Theory Perspective. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1397. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031397

AMA Style

Shekarian E, Flapper SD. Analyzing the Structure of Closed-Loop Supply Chains: A Game Theory Perspective. Sustainability. 2021; 13(3):1397. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031397

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shekarian, Ehsan, and Simme D. Flapper. 2021. "Analyzing the Structure of Closed-Loop Supply Chains: A Game Theory Perspective" Sustainability 13, no. 3: 1397. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031397

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