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Effects of Functional Strength Training on Functional Movement and Balance in Middle-Aged Adults

Department of Coaching Education, Faculty of Sports Science, Ankara University, Ankara 06560, Turkey
Department of Coaching Education, School of Physical Education and Sports, Iğdır University, Iğdır 76000, Turkey
Department of Psychology, Educational Science and Human Movement, Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Unit, University of Palermo, 90144 Palermo, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(3), 1074;
Received: 26 December 2020 / Revised: 13 January 2021 / Accepted: 15 January 2021 / Published: 21 January 2021
Functional movement deficiencies cause falls and injuries in adults. Functional strength training (FST) is emerging as a new training method for athletes, middle-aged and older adults, to improve functional movement: The present study was conducted in order to investigate the effects of FST on balance and functional movement in healthy and independent middle-aged adults. The sample for this study consisted of 46 physically active individuals (24 female and 22 male). A total of 46 subjects were divided based on randomly into the functional strength training (FST) group (n = 26) aged: 51.55 ± 3.73 years; height: 168.69 ± 8.8 cm; body mass: 75.88 ± 12.18; and traditional strength training (TST) group (n = 20) age: 52.85 ± 4.01; height: 166.9 ± 9.98; body mass: 76.15 ± 10.45. Each group performed 24 sessions of a training protocol three-time a week. The functional movement was assessed using the functional movement screen (FMS) protocol. Balance performance was determined by using the balance error scoring system (BESS). Bodyweight and body fat ratio were measured using bioelectric impedance. There was a significant statistical difference between FMS total scores after an eight-week FST in the FST group. After the intervention, the functional strength group tended to have significantly better balance control than the traditional strength group (p = 0.01). Statistically, significant differences were observed between pre-test and post-test in the intervention group on BMI, body fat, and body mass (p = 0.01). There were not found significant differences in balance control and FMS score in TST group. As a result of this study, FST positively affected the FMS total score and balance performance in middle-aged adults. Early detections of the deficiencies in functional movement and balance in the middle ages may reduce the risk of insufficiency and fall in adults through targeted functional strength training intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: adults; balance; fall risk; FMS; functional strength adults; balance; fall risk; FMS; functional strength
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guler, O.; Tuncel, O.; Bianco, A. Effects of Functional Strength Training on Functional Movement and Balance in Middle-Aged Adults. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1074.

AMA Style

Guler O, Tuncel O, Bianco A. Effects of Functional Strength Training on Functional Movement and Balance in Middle-Aged Adults. Sustainability. 2021; 13(3):1074.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guler, Ozkan, Oguzhan Tuncel, and Antonino Bianco. 2021. "Effects of Functional Strength Training on Functional Movement and Balance in Middle-Aged Adults" Sustainability 13, no. 3: 1074.

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