Next Article in Journal
Sustainable Consumption Using the Example of Food Processing in a Restaurant
Previous Article in Journal
People or Systems: Does Productivity Enhancement Matter More than Energy Management in LEED Certified Buildings?
Previous Article in Special Issue
Perceived Threats through COVID-19 and the Role of Organizational Capacity: Findings from Non-Profit Sports Clubs
 
 
Article

Measuring the Economic Impact of COVID-19 on the UK’s Leisure and Sport during the 2020 Lockdown

1
Sport Industry Research Centre, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield S1 1WB, UK
2
Department of Economics, Public University of Navarra, 31006 Pamplona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonio Boggia
Sustainability 2021, 13(24), 13865; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413865
Received: 6 October 2021 / Revised: 1 December 2021 / Accepted: 7 December 2021 / Published: 15 December 2021
This research evaluates the effect of the SARS-CoV2 pandemic on sport Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and consumer expenditure in the leisure sector in the United Kingdom (UK). The leisure sector is divided into leisure at home and away from home, examining in this way the different patterns that emerged because of the national lockdown in 2020. The effect on sport GDP is examined using the Office for National Statistics (ONS) surveys and the UK Sport Satellite Account (SSA). The study found that, because of its reliance on human contact, sport GDP is likely to decline by more than twice the rate of the overall economy. Furthermore, this finding is consistent with the 2020 consumer expenditure on leisure that shows increases in spending on home leisure but also a huge decline in spending on out-of-home entertainment. The decline in GDP is extremely likely to put pressure on profit margins and hence threaten the survival of private enterprises, raising issues of sustainability under conditions of a pandemic. Increases in long-term public funding for reducing sport inequalities should be considered along with short-term relief packages for the sport sector. Additional policy suggestions are offered to address these issues. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; sport; Sport Satellite Accounts; consumer spending; sustainability COVID-19; sport; Sport Satellite Accounts; consumer spending; sustainability
MDPI and ACS Style

Kokolakakis, T.; Lera-Lopez, F.; Ramchandani, G. Measuring the Economic Impact of COVID-19 on the UK’s Leisure and Sport during the 2020 Lockdown. Sustainability 2021, 13, 13865. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413865

AMA Style

Kokolakakis T, Lera-Lopez F, Ramchandani G. Measuring the Economic Impact of COVID-19 on the UK’s Leisure and Sport during the 2020 Lockdown. Sustainability. 2021; 13(24):13865. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413865

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kokolakakis, Themis, Fernando Lera-Lopez, and Girish Ramchandani. 2021. "Measuring the Economic Impact of COVID-19 on the UK’s Leisure and Sport during the 2020 Lockdown" Sustainability 13, no. 24: 13865. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413865

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop