Next Article in Journal
The Online Education System: COVID-19 Demands, Trends, Implications, Challenges, Lessons, Insights, Opportunities, Outlooks, and Directions in the Work from Home
Previous Article in Journal
Forecasting Spatiotemporal Boundary of Emergency-Event-Based Traffic Congestion in Expressway Network Considering Highway Node Acceptance Capacity
 
 
Article

Factors Influencing the Awareness and Adoption of Borehole-Garden Permaculture in Malawi: Lessons for the Promotion of Sustainable Practices

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G1 1XJ, UK
2
The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen AB15 8QH, UK
3
Department of Water Resources, Ministry of Forestry and Natural Resources, Government of Malawi, Private Bag 390, Lilongwe, Malawi
4
Department of Earth Sciences, Environmental and Water Sciences, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Bellville 7535, South Africa
5
Department of Water Supply, Government of Malawi, Private Bag 390, Lilongwe, Malawi
6
Water for People, Blantyre P.O. Box 1207, Malawi
7
BASEflow, Galaxy House, Blantyre P.O. Box 30467, Malawi
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alessio Siciliano
Sustainability 2021, 13(21), 12196; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132112196
Received: 15 October 2021 / Revised: 29 October 2021 / Accepted: 1 November 2021 / Published: 5 November 2021
Using wastewater accumulating around rural waterpoints to irrigate community gardens, borehole-garden permaculture (BGP) presents a method of sustainable water management. BGP also presents public health benefits through the removal of stagnant water around boreholes, key Malaria breeding grounds, and through providing year-round food to supplement diets. By analysing a dataset of over 100,000 cases, this research examines the awareness and adoption of BGP across Malawi. Generalised linear models identified significant variables influencing BGP awareness and uptake revealing that socioeconomic, biophysical and waterpoint-specific variables influenced both the awareness and adoption of BGP. BGP had low uptake in Malawi with only 2.4% of communities surveyed practising BGP while 43.0% of communities were aware of BGP. Communities in areas with unreliable rainfall and high malaria susceptibility had low BGP awareness despite BGP being particularly beneficial to these communities. This work suggests that future work in the promotion of BGP should focus their efforts within these areas. Furthermore, this work highlights the value of community networks in knowledge sharing and suggests that such social capital could be further used by NGOs and the Government of Malawi in the promotion of BGP and other sustainable practices. View Full-Text
Keywords: permaculture; borehole management; sustainable practice; SDG6; Malawi; Africa; adoption; awareness; generalised linear model permaculture; borehole management; sustainable practice; SDG6; Malawi; Africa; adoption; awareness; generalised linear model
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Hinton, R.G.K.; Macleod, C.J.A.; Troldborg, M.; Wanangwa, G.; Kanjaye, M.; Mbalame, E.; Mleta, P.; Harawa, K.; Kumwenda, S.; Kalin, R.M. Factors Influencing the Awareness and Adoption of Borehole-Garden Permaculture in Malawi: Lessons for the Promotion of Sustainable Practices. Sustainability 2021, 13, 12196. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132112196

AMA Style

Hinton RGK, Macleod CJA, Troldborg M, Wanangwa G, Kanjaye M, Mbalame E, Mleta P, Harawa K, Kumwenda S, Kalin RM. Factors Influencing the Awareness and Adoption of Borehole-Garden Permaculture in Malawi: Lessons for the Promotion of Sustainable Practices. Sustainability. 2021; 13(21):12196. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132112196

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hinton, Rebekah G. K., Christopher J. A. Macleod, Mads Troldborg, Gift Wanangwa, Modesta Kanjaye, Emma Mbalame, Prince Mleta, Kettie Harawa, Steve Kumwenda, and Robert M. Kalin. 2021. "Factors Influencing the Awareness and Adoption of Borehole-Garden Permaculture in Malawi: Lessons for the Promotion of Sustainable Practices" Sustainability 13, no. 21: 12196. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132112196

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop