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Article

Challenges for Digitalisation in Building Renovation to Enhance the Efficiency of the Process: A Spanish Case Study

1
TECNALIA, Basque Research and Technology Alliance (BRTA), Astondo Bidea, Edificio 700, Parque tecnológico de Bizkaia, 48160 Derio, Spain
2
Department of Architecture, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Plaza Oñati 2, 20018 Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mladen Vukomanovic, Michał Juszczyk and Cinzia Buratti
Sustainability 2021, 13(21), 12139; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132112139
Received: 7 July 2021 / Revised: 8 October 2021 / Accepted: 28 October 2021 / Published: 3 November 2021
Although construction is one of the largest industries in the world, it is one of the least digitised and its productivity is still very low. Excesses of time and cost are common and are even more accentuated for building renovation. Recently, the building information modeling (BIM) methodology has strongly entered in the construction sector and appears to be an effective paradigm shift. Considering all of the previously mentioned aspects, this article addresses the identification and analysis of the critical barriers of renovation and the potential for digitalisation to overcome them using BIM. The methodology that was used is based on an open innovation approach called Living Labs, where consultations with the key stakeholders of the construction process aims for a higher digitalisation to focus on real needs and fitted to the user’s requirements. Starting from a worldwide survey, the analysis of the Spanish casuistry is deepened. From the analysis of barriers and opportunities, the necessary requirements for an optimal BIM application in renovation are highlighted. After identifying the key aspects that each stakeholder’ typology has considered as relevant, a set of key performance indicators have been selected, to monitor the improvements in the renovation process when BIM is adopted. View Full-Text
Keywords: BIM; building renovation; digitalisation; efficiency; retrofitting; Living Lab BIM; building renovation; digitalisation; efficiency; retrofitting; Living Lab
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lasarte, N.; Elguezabal, P.; Sagarna, M.; Leon, I.; Otaduy, J.P. Challenges for Digitalisation in Building Renovation to Enhance the Efficiency of the Process: A Spanish Case Study. Sustainability 2021, 13, 12139. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132112139

AMA Style

Lasarte N, Elguezabal P, Sagarna M, Leon I, Otaduy JP. Challenges for Digitalisation in Building Renovation to Enhance the Efficiency of the Process: A Spanish Case Study. Sustainability. 2021; 13(21):12139. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132112139

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lasarte, Natalia, Peru Elguezabal, Maialen Sagarna, Iñigo Leon, and Juan P. Otaduy. 2021. "Challenges for Digitalisation in Building Renovation to Enhance the Efficiency of the Process: A Spanish Case Study" Sustainability 13, no. 21: 12139. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132112139

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