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Article

Influence of Gender Stereotypes, Type of Sport Watched and Close Environment on Adolescent Sport Practice According to Gender

1
Faculty of Sport, Catholic University San Antonio of Murcia, 30107 Murcia, Spain
2
Faculty of Social Sciences and Communication, Catholic University San Antonio of Murcia, 30107 Murcia, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Stefano Boca and Ambra Gentile
Sustainability 2021, 13(21), 11863; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132111863
Received: 27 September 2021 / Revised: 21 October 2021 / Accepted: 22 October 2021 / Published: 27 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gender Issues in Sport and Leisure Activities)
The practice of sport by adolescents is influenced by multiple factors, which could create differences in sports participation according to gender. The objectives of this study were to determine which types of sports were most practiced by adolescent males and females; and to analyze the relationship of gender stereotypes, the type of sport observed and the personal environment, to the type of sport practiced, depending on the adolescent’s gender. To this end, a total of 632 adolescents completed the questionnaire “Lifestyle in Sport with a Gender Perspective”. The results showed significant differences according to gender in the type of sport practiced (p < 0.05), in the membership to sports clubs (p < 0.001), and in the participation in competitions (p < 0.001). It was found that family (p < 0.005) and friends (p < 0.05) were the social agents that most influenced the choice of the type of sport practiced, and that the type of sport watched live (p < 0.005), and in the media (p < 0.001), was related to gender and the type of sport practiced. In contrast, the gender stereotypes of the adolescents themselves were not related to the practice of sports. In conclusion, the environment closest to the adolescents was related to the type of sport practiced by those adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescents; closest environment; gender differences; sexual stereotypes; sports adolescents; closest environment; gender differences; sexual stereotypes; sports
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mateo-Orcajada, A.; Abenza-Cano, L.; Vaquero-Cristóbal, R.; Martínez-Castro, S.M.; Leiva-Arcas, A.; Gallardo-Guerrero, A.M.; Sánchez-Pato, A. Influence of Gender Stereotypes, Type of Sport Watched and Close Environment on Adolescent Sport Practice According to Gender. Sustainability 2021, 13, 11863. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132111863

AMA Style

Mateo-Orcajada A, Abenza-Cano L, Vaquero-Cristóbal R, Martínez-Castro SM, Leiva-Arcas A, Gallardo-Guerrero AM, Sánchez-Pato A. Influence of Gender Stereotypes, Type of Sport Watched and Close Environment on Adolescent Sport Practice According to Gender. Sustainability. 2021; 13(21):11863. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132111863

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mateo-Orcajada, Adrián, Lucía Abenza-Cano, Raquel Vaquero-Cristóbal, Sonia M. Martínez-Castro, Alejandro Leiva-Arcas, Ana M. Gallardo-Guerrero, and Antonio Sánchez-Pato. 2021. "Influence of Gender Stereotypes, Type of Sport Watched and Close Environment on Adolescent Sport Practice According to Gender" Sustainability 13, no. 21: 11863. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132111863

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