Next Article in Journal
Trends in Food Innovation: An Interventional Study on the Benefits of Consuming Novel Functional Cookies Enriched with Olive Paste
Next Article in Special Issue
The Economic Valuation of Ecosystem Services of Biodiversity Components in Protected Areas: A Review for a Framework of Analysis for the Gargano National Park
Previous Article in Journal
Investigating COVID-19 News before and after the Soft Lockdown: An Example from Taiwan
Previous Article in Special Issue
Extraseasonal Production in a Soilless System and Characterisation of Landraces of Carosello and Barattiere (Cucumis melo L.)
 
 
Article

Enhancement of a Landrace of Carosello (Unripe Melon) through the Use of Light-Emitting Diodes (LED) and Nutritional Characterization of the Fruit Placenta

1
Department of Agricultural and Environmental Science, University of Bari Aldo Moro, via Amendola 165/a, 70126 Bari, Italy
2
Institute of Sciences of Food Production, National Research Council of Italy, 73100 Lecce, Italy
3
Institute of Sciences of Food Production, National Research Council of Italy, 70126 Bari, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Primo Proietti
Sustainability 2021, 13(20), 11464; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011464
Received: 15 September 2021 / Revised: 12 October 2021 / Accepted: 14 October 2021 / Published: 17 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodiversity 2021: Agriculture, Environment and Wellbeing)
Landraces of ‘Carosello’ (Cucumis melo L.) are a typical expression of Apulia’s agro-biodiversity and are consumed in the same way as cucumbers. The aim of this research was to valorize the cultivation of a local variety of ‘Carosello’, extending the cultivation period and valorizing a part of the fruits that are generally wasted (endosperm). To accomplish this, a local variety called ‘Carosello leccese’ was grown in a greenhouse during the fall season under red + blue and red + blue + far red light-emitting diodes (LED) interlight. Yield, morphology, color and biochemical composition of the external and internal part of the fruit were evaluated. Although yield increased by 26% under supplemental light, the fruit quality was not influenced by LED application. However, the exocarp was greener (chlorophylls) and more yellow (carotenoids) than the mesocarp. Finally, the endosperm, which is the part of the fruit that is generally wasted, showed the highest polyphenols content, proving to be an important source of nutraceutical compounds. Therefore, it was demonstrated that the nutritional value of the endosperm is comparable or higher than the external part of the fruit, but further studies will be necessary to valorize it from a culinary perspective. View Full-Text
Keywords: landrace; Cucurbitaceae; fruit placenta; polyphenols; isoprenoids; agro-biodiversity; soilless landrace; Cucurbitaceae; fruit placenta; polyphenols; isoprenoids; agro-biodiversity; soilless
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Palmitessa, O.D.; Durante, M.; Leoni, B.; Montesano, F.; Renna, M.; Serio, F.; Somma, A.; Santamaria, P. Enhancement of a Landrace of Carosello (Unripe Melon) through the Use of Light-Emitting Diodes (LED) and Nutritional Characterization of the Fruit Placenta. Sustainability 2021, 13, 11464. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011464

AMA Style

Palmitessa OD, Durante M, Leoni B, Montesano F, Renna M, Serio F, Somma A, Santamaria P. Enhancement of a Landrace of Carosello (Unripe Melon) through the Use of Light-Emitting Diodes (LED) and Nutritional Characterization of the Fruit Placenta. Sustainability. 2021; 13(20):11464. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011464

Chicago/Turabian Style

Palmitessa, Onofrio Davide, Miriana Durante, Beniamino Leoni, Francesco Montesano, Massimiliano Renna, Francesco Serio, Annalisa Somma, and Pietro Santamaria. 2021. "Enhancement of a Landrace of Carosello (Unripe Melon) through the Use of Light-Emitting Diodes (LED) and Nutritional Characterization of the Fruit Placenta" Sustainability 13, no. 20: 11464. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011464

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop