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Article

A Framework of Unsustainable Behaviors to Support Product Eco-Design

1
Independent Researcher, Mersin 33010, Turkey
2
Faculty of Science and Technology, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, 39100 Bolzano, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Adriana Del Borghi
Sustainability 2021, 13(20), 11394; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011394
Received: 17 September 2021 / Revised: 10 October 2021 / Accepted: 13 October 2021 / Published: 15 October 2021
Eco-designed products can contribute to sustainable development if consumers choose them rather than the less environmentally friendly alternatives and if they are used properly. However, eco-design methods have so far failed to address the issue of unsustainable behaviors, whose sources have not been recognized. In light of this deficiency, the authors have analyzed a large number of eco-designed products with the aim to capture the possible unsustainable behaviors arising from their use and consumption. The subsequent characterization of unsustainable behaviors has led to the creation of a framework of unsustainable behaviors, which has been subjected to the evaluation of a pool of experts in the field. In its final version, the framework includes nine classes of unsustainable behaviors, which are categorized into the corresponding product lifecycle phases (purchase, use, end of life), and different kinds of undesired effects (harmful, insufficient, excessive) based on the TRIZ-oriented functional analysis. The classes, whose significance has been checked in the literature, include frequent causes of unsustainable behaviors and corresponding examples. Through the framework, designers can take into due account the possible circumstances that would prevent their developed products from being prone to unsustainable behaviors. In a future step, the classes of unsustainable behaviors are to be linked with indications arising from Design for Sustainable Behavior. View Full-Text
Keywords: unsustainable behaviors; design for sustainable behavior; eco-design; design strategies; product development; product lifecycle; TRIZ; design requirements unsustainable behaviors; design for sustainable behavior; eco-design; design strategies; product development; product lifecycle; TRIZ; design requirements
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MDPI and ACS Style

Balikci, A.; Borgianni, Y.; Maccioni, L.; Nezzi, C. A Framework of Unsustainable Behaviors to Support Product Eco-Design. Sustainability 2021, 13, 11394. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011394

AMA Style

Balikci A, Borgianni Y, Maccioni L, Nezzi C. A Framework of Unsustainable Behaviors to Support Product Eco-Design. Sustainability. 2021; 13(20):11394. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011394

Chicago/Turabian Style

Balikci, Anil, Yuri Borgianni, Lorenzo Maccioni, and Chiara Nezzi. 2021. "A Framework of Unsustainable Behaviors to Support Product Eco-Design" Sustainability 13, no. 20: 11394. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011394

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