Next Article in Journal
Effect of Fluid Chemistry on the Consolidation and Hydraulic Conductivity of Sand-Clay Liners
Next Article in Special Issue
Dynamic Electric Dispatch for Wind Power Plants: A New Automatic Controller System Using Evolutionary Algorithms
Previous Article in Journal
Design and Verification of a Simple Approach to Brownfields Categorization
Previous Article in Special Issue
Cost Allocation in Integrated Community Energy Systems—Social Acceptance
Article

Legal Provisions and Market Conditions for Energy Communities in Austria, Germany, Greece, Italy, Spain, and Turkey: A Comparative Assessment

1
Sustainable Energy Division, Izmir University of Economics, Izmir 35330, Turkey
2
Faculty of Law, Izmir University of Economics, Izmir 35330, Turkey
3
Department of Logistics Management, Izmir University of Economics, Izmir 35330, Turkey
4
The Energy Institute, Johannes Kepler University, 4040 Linz, Austria
5
Department of Culture, Politics, and Society, University of Turin, 10124 Turin, Italy
6
Department of Law, University of Turin, 10124 Turin, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Grigorios L. Kyriakopoulos
Sustainability 2021, 13(20), 11212; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011212
Received: 31 August 2021 / Revised: 5 October 2021 / Accepted: 6 October 2021 / Published: 11 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Electricity Consumption in Energy Communities)
The Climate Pact and the European Green Deal constitute the main components of the European Union (EU)’s climate change policy. Energy transition, that is, transformation to a zero-carbon global energy system, is one of the main pillars of climate change mitigation policies. This transformation, coupled with the empowerment of individuals within the energy system, shifts citizens from their roles as customers towards a more active role. Within this framework, energy communities stand out as significant facilitators for the participation of individuals and communities in the energy system, promoting self-consumption and contributing to the social acceptance of renewable energy initiatives, among other direct and indirect benefits. The main directives introducing energy communities into the EU legal system are RED II and ED 2019. This study, conducted as a part of a Horizon 2020-funded eCREW project, assessed the adaptability and implementability of these two directives within national legislation, along with the associated legal and administrative frameworks, utilizing evidence from Austria, Germany, Greece, Italy, Spain, and Turkey. The comparative analysis also enhances the understanding of the concept of renewable energy communities and citizen energy communities, both in the EU and in nonmember countries. The results of the analysis revealed that none of the countries studied had yet completed the process of harmonizing their legislation concerning energy communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; climate pact; European Union; Green Deal; energy communities; RED II; ED 2019 climate change; climate pact; European Union; Green Deal; energy communities; RED II; ED 2019
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Biresselioglu, M.E.; Limoncuoglu, S.A.; Demir, M.H.; Reichl, J.; Burgstaller, K.; Sciullo, A.; Ferrero, E. Legal Provisions and Market Conditions for Energy Communities in Austria, Germany, Greece, Italy, Spain, and Turkey: A Comparative Assessment. Sustainability 2021, 13, 11212. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011212

AMA Style

Biresselioglu ME, Limoncuoglu SA, Demir MH, Reichl J, Burgstaller K, Sciullo A, Ferrero E. Legal Provisions and Market Conditions for Energy Communities in Austria, Germany, Greece, Italy, Spain, and Turkey: A Comparative Assessment. Sustainability. 2021; 13(20):11212. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011212

Chicago/Turabian Style

Biresselioglu, Mehmet E., Siyami A. Limoncuoglu, Muhittin H. Demir, Johannes Reichl, Katrin Burgstaller, Alessandro Sciullo, and Edoardo Ferrero. 2021. "Legal Provisions and Market Conditions for Energy Communities in Austria, Germany, Greece, Italy, Spain, and Turkey: A Comparative Assessment" Sustainability 13, no. 20: 11212. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011212

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop