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Evaluating Accessibility Benefits of Opening Gated Communities for Pedestrians and Cyclists in China: A Case Study of Shanghai

College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
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Sustainability 2021, 13(2), 598; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020598
Received: 25 October 2020 / Revised: 5 January 2021 / Accepted: 5 January 2021 / Published: 10 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
Opening gated communities (GCs) has been widely discussed for urban inclusion and revitalization. With the policies of opening GCs being promoted in China, the quantitative and comprehensive evaluation of the potential benefits is heavily needed. Taking Shanghai as an example, this study quantifies and analyzes the accessibility benefits and risks of opening GCs for pedestrians and cyclists considering two GC types, two opening levels, two travel modes, and different facilities. We found that (1) opening GCs can bring 50 m+ accessibility gains to 17% and 52% of the residents in moderate opening (MO) and complete opening (CO) scenarios, respectively. (2) Cyclists benefits more than pedestrians in all scenarios. (3) Conventional GCs have fewer benefits in MO but more in CO than newly established ones. Trips to bus stations demonstrate the largest accessibility gains. (4) The accessibility benefit of a residential building is highly determined by its closeness to the gates and relative location in the block. (5) Only 1% and 5–7% of external trips may penetrate the opened communities in MO and CO scenarios, respectively, which are far less than both the expectation and the benefits. Finally, several local design guidelines are proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: gated communities; opening scenarios; accessibility benefits; evaluation; shanghai gated communities; opening scenarios; accessibility benefits; evaluation; shanghai
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, S.; Tan, W.; Yan, L. Evaluating Accessibility Benefits of Opening Gated Communities for Pedestrians and Cyclists in China: A Case Study of Shanghai. Sustainability 2021, 13, 598. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020598

AMA Style

Yang S, Tan W, Yan L. Evaluating Accessibility Benefits of Opening Gated Communities for Pedestrians and Cyclists in China: A Case Study of Shanghai. Sustainability. 2021; 13(2):598. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020598

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Senqi, Wenken Tan, and Longxu Yan. 2021. "Evaluating Accessibility Benefits of Opening Gated Communities for Pedestrians and Cyclists in China: A Case Study of Shanghai" Sustainability 13, no. 2: 598. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020598

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