Next Article in Journal
Recommended System for Cluster Head Selection in a Remote Sensor Cloud Environment Using the Fuzzy-Based Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Technique
Previous Article in Journal
Hiring Disable People to Avoid Staff Turnover and Enhance Sustainability of Production
Article

Improvement of Temperature and Humidity Control of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

1
College of Energy Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
2
College of Mechanical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
3
College of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19717, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thanikanti Sudhakar Babu
Sustainability 2021, 13(19), 10578; https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910578
Received: 19 August 2021 / Revised: 17 September 2021 / Accepted: 17 September 2021 / Published: 24 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Clean Energy Systems)
Temperature and humidity are two important interconnected factors in the performance of PEMFCs (Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells). The fuel and oxidant humidity and stack temperature in a fuel cell were analyzed in this study. There are many factors that affect the temperature and humidity of the stack. We adopt the fuzzy control method of multi-input and multi-output to control the temperature and humidity of the stack. A model including a driver, vehicle, transmission motor, air feeding, electrical network, stack, hydrogen supply and cooling system was established to study the fuel cell performance. A fuzzy controller is proven to be better in improving the output power of fuel cells. The three control objectives are the fan speed control for regulating temperature, the solenoid valve on/off control of the bubble humidifier for humidity variation and the speed of the pump for regulating temperature difference. In addition, the results from the PID controller stack model and the fuzzy controller stack model are compared in this research. The fuel cell bench test has been built to validate the effectiveness of the proposed fuzzy control. The maximum temperature of the stack can be reduced by 5 °C with the fuzzy control in this paper, so the fuel cell output voltage (power) increases by an average of approximately 5.8%. View Full-Text
Keywords: fuel cell; thermal management; polarization curve; fuzzy; humidification fuel cell; thermal management; polarization curve; fuzzy; humidification
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Xiong, S.; Wu, Z.; Li, W.; Li, D.; Zhang, T.; Lan, Y.; Zhang, X.; Ye, S.; Peng, S.; Han, Z.; Zhu, J.; Song, Q.; Jiao, Z.; Wu, X.; Huang, H. Improvement of Temperature and Humidity Control of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells. Sustainability 2021, 13, 10578. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910578

AMA Style

Xiong S, Wu Z, Li W, Li D, Zhang T, Lan Y, Zhang X, Ye S, Peng S, Han Z, Zhu J, Song Q, Jiao Z, Wu X, Huang H. Improvement of Temperature and Humidity Control of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells. Sustainability. 2021; 13(19):10578. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910578

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xiong, Shusheng, Zhankuan Wu, Wei Li, Daize Li, Teng Zhang, Yu Lan, Xiaoxuan Zhang, Shuyan Ye, Shuhao Peng, Zeyu Han, Jiarui Zhu, Qiujie Song, Zhixiao Jiao, Xiaofeng Wu, and Heqing Huang. 2021. "Improvement of Temperature and Humidity Control of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells" Sustainability 13, no. 19: 10578. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910578

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop