Next Article in Journal
Applications of Experience Economy in Craft Beer Tourism: A Case Study in Thailand’s Context
Next Article in Special Issue
An Integrated Methodology for the Multi-Objective Optimization of Port Railway Capacity: The Case Study of the Port of Trieste
Previous Article in Journal
An Integrated Approach to Municipal Solid Waste Recycling Performance Evaluation by Incorporating Local Demographic Features
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Study into the Availability, Costs and GHG Reduction in Drop-In Biofuels for Shipping under Different Regimes between 2020 and 2050
 
 
Article

The Role of Research and Innovation in Europe for the Decarbonisation of Waterborne Transport

Joint Research Centre (JRC), European Commission, 21027 Ispra, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marco Raugei
Sustainability 2021, 13(18), 10447; https://doi.org/10.3390/su131810447
Received: 6 July 2021 / Revised: 24 August 2021 / Accepted: 10 September 2021 / Published: 19 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Maritime Supply Chain)
Waterborne transport contributes to around 14% of the overall greenhouse gas emissions of transport in the European Union and it is among the most efficient modes of transport. Nonetheless, considering the aim of making the European Union carbon-neutral by 2050 and the fundamental role of waterborne transport within the European economy, effort is needed to reduce its environmental impact. This paper provides an assessment of research and innovation measures aiming at decreasing waterborne transport’s CO2 emissions by assessing European projects based on the European Commission’s Transport Research and Innovation Monitoring and Information System (TRIMIS). Additionally, it provides an outlook of the evolution of scientific publications and intellectual property activity in the area. The review of project findings suggests that there is no single measure which can be considered as a problem solver in the area of the reduction of waterborne CO2 emissions, and only the combination of different innovations should enable reaching this goal. The highlighted potential innovations include further development of lightweight composite materials, innovative hull repair methods, wind assisted propulsion, engine efficiency, waste heat electrification, hydrogen and alternative fuels. The assessment shows prevalence of funding allocated to technological measures; however, non-technological ones, like improved vessel navigation and allocation systems, also show a great potential for the reduction of CO2 emissions and reduction of negative environmental impacts of waterborne transport. View Full-Text
Keywords: waterborne decarbonisation; research and innovation; technical measures; operational measures; coordination and support measures waterborne decarbonisation; research and innovation; technical measures; operational measures; coordination and support measures
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Grosso, M.; Marques dos Santos, F.L.; Gkoumas, K.; Stępniak, M.; Pekár, F. The Role of Research and Innovation in Europe for the Decarbonisation of Waterborne Transport. Sustainability 2021, 13, 10447. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131810447

AMA Style

Grosso M, Marques dos Santos FL, Gkoumas K, Stępniak M, Pekár F. The Role of Research and Innovation in Europe for the Decarbonisation of Waterborne Transport. Sustainability. 2021; 13(18):10447. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131810447

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grosso, Monica, Fabio Luis Marques dos Santos, Konstantinos Gkoumas, Marcin Stępniak, and Ferenc Pekár. 2021. "The Role of Research and Innovation in Europe for the Decarbonisation of Waterborne Transport" Sustainability 13, no. 18: 10447. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131810447

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop