The Smart Evolution of Historical Cities: Integrated Innovative Solutions Supporting the Energy Transition while Respecting Cultural Heritage
2. Past Related Work
2.1. Research Studies
2.2. Guidelines for RES Adaptation
2.3. EU Research Projects
3.1. POCITYF’s General Strategy
3.2. Monitoring & Evaluation
- Energy performance
- Environmental performance
- Economic performance
- ICT performance
- Mobility performance
- Social performance
- Governance performance
- Propagation performance
4. The Case of Évora
4.1. Évora as a POCITYF LH City
4.2. Distinguish PEBs and PEDs of Cultural Interest
4.3. Distinguish ISs That Could Affect the Cultural Heritage of the PEBs–PEDs
5. Implementing ISs while Respecting Cultural Heritage
- Community Solar Farm (CSF) on the outskirts of the city of Évora;
- Renewable energy community formed by Évora’s municipal buildings.
5.1. Community Solar Farm on the Outskirts of the City of Évora
5.2. Renewable Energy Community in Évora’s Municipal Buildings
- Rossio de S. Brás School—Generator and consumer;
- S. Mamede School—Generator and consumer;
- Municipal Market 1° de Maio (fruit market)—Generator and consumer;
- Paços do Concelho (Town Hall)—Generator and consumer;
- Garcia de Resende Theatre—Consumer;
- LVpDÉ—Generator and consumer;
- Arena—Generator and consumer;
- Old Bus Station Building—Consumer;
- Vista Alegre School—Generator and consumer;
- Convent of Remedies—Consumer;
- Public garden—Consumer;
- Pátio do Salema—Consumer;
- Municipal Market 1° de Maio (fish market)—Consumer;
- Underground parking at Praça Joaquim António de Aguiar—Consumer;
- Rua Diogo Cão 19 (photographic archive)—Consumer;
- EPAC granaries, Rua Eborim—Consumer;
- Museum of Handicrafts—Consumer;
- Giraldo Square—Consumer;
- Tour Desk—Consumer;
- S. Vicente Church—Consumer;
- Social centre, Rua das Fontes 41—Consumer;
- Gardens Services, Portas de Aviz—Consumer;
- D. Manuel Palace—Consumer;
- House of scales—Consumer;
- Conviviality Centre, Rua de Machede—Consumer;
- Social services, Rua do Fragoso—Consumer;
- Conviviality Centre, Rua do Fragoso—Consumer;
- Monte Alentejano, Rossio—Consumer;
- Water Museum—Consumer;
- Central Hall—Consumer;
- Hygiene services, Rua de Machede—Consumer;
- Former EDPC building—Consumer;
- JI Penedo de Ouro—Consumer.
5.3. Paços do Concelho (Town Hall Building)
5.4. Arena d’Évora
5.5. São Mamede School
5.6. Rossio de São Brás School
5.7. Parking Lot
5.9. Municipal Market 1° de Maio (Fruit Market)
5.10. Summary of Solutions with Renewable Generation Capacity
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|PV Accept ||FP5||2001–2004||Photovoltaic, Building-Integrated Photovoltaics||Historical buildings and sites|
|New4Old ||IEE||2007–2010||Building-Integrated Photovoltaics, Building-Integrated Solar Thermal||Historical buildings|
|Sechurba ||IEE||2008–2011||Building-Integrated Photovoltaics, Building-Integrated Solar Thermal||Historical buildings and sites|
|3encult ||FP7||2010–2014||Building-Integrated Photovoltaics||Roofs|
|UrbanSol Plus ||IEE||2011–2014||Solar Thermal||Buildings, Towns|
|Effesus ||FP7||2012–2016||Building-Integrated Photovoltaics||Roofs|
|Pearls ||H2020 MCSA|
|2018–2022||Building-Integrated Photovoltaics, Building-Integrated Solar Thermal||Towns, Landscapes|
|Energy Transition Track (ETT)||Integrated Solution (IS)|
|ETT#1: Innovative Solutions for Positive Energy (CH) Buildings and Districts||IS 1.1: Positive Energy (stand-alone) Buildings|
|IS 1.2: Positive Energy Districts Retrofitting|
|IS 1.3: Feeding PEDs with Waste Streams Promoting Symbiosis and Circular Economy|
|ETT#2: Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Energy Management and Storage Solutions for Grid Flexibility||IS 2.1: Flexible and Sustainable Electricity Grid Networks with Innovative Storage Solutions|
|IS 2.2: Flexible and Sustainable District Heating/Cooling with Innovative Heat Storage Solutions|
|ETT#3: e-Mobility Integration into Smart Grid and City Planning||IS 3.1: Smart V2G Evs Charging|
|IS 3.2: e-Mobility Services for Citizens and Auxiliary EV Technologies|
|ETT#4: Citizen-Driven Innovation in Co-creating Smart City Solutions||IS 4.1: Social Innovation Mechanisms towards Citizen Engagement|
|IS 4.2: Open Innovation for Policy Makers and Managers|
|IS 4.3: Interoperable, Modular and Interconnected City Ecosystem|
|ETT#1: Innovative Solutions for Positive Energy (CH) Buildings and Districts||IS 1.1: PV Glass, PV Canopy, PV Skylight, Tegosolar PV, Traditional PV Shingle, Bidirectional Smart Inverters, Energy Router, Building Management System (BMS), Home Energy Management System (HEMS), Positive Computing Centre.|
IS 1.2: Smart Lamp Posts with EV charging and 5G functionalities, Energy Routers (district level), P2P Technical Validation Tool, P2P Energy Trading Platform, Community Solar Farm
IS 1.3: 2nd Life Batteries, PAYT
|ETT#2: Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Energy Management and Storage Solutions for Grid Flexibility||IS 2.1: 2nd Life Batteries, Renewable Energy Communities Management Platform, Flexibility Control Algorithms, P2P Energy Trading Platform|
|ETT#3: e-Mobility Integration into Smart Grid and City Planning||IS 3.1: EV charging management platform, EV charger prototype with PV integration, Bidirectional smart inverters for EV smart charging and V2G applications, Smart lamp posts with EV charging and 5G functionalities, Intelligent and optimal control algorithm|
IS 3.2: Freezing storage in store, Market-oriented building flexibility services
|ETT#4: Citizen-Driven Innovation in Co-creating Smart City Solutions||IS 4.1: Digital Transformation in Social Innovation, Gamification, Tourist Application, Cultural Experiences Market, Mobile application on energy consumption|
IS 4.3: City Urban Platform, Wi-Fi data acquisition systems, Data Lake, Smart cloud for Innovative Start-ups
|Market||Arena||Theatre||EB1 S. Mamede||Town Hall||Rossio School||LVpDÉ||Parking||Total|
|Predicted generation (kWh/year)||20,008||1456||0||51,346||463,304||156,278||18,823||133,847||845,062|
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Tsoumanis, G.; Formiga, J.; Bilo, N.; Tsarchopoulos, P.; Ioannidis, D.; Tzovaras, D. The Smart Evolution of Historical Cities: Integrated Innovative Solutions Supporting the Energy Transition while Respecting Cultural Heritage. Sustainability 2021, 13, 9358. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13169358
Tsoumanis G, Formiga J, Bilo N, Tsarchopoulos P, Ioannidis D, Tzovaras D. The Smart Evolution of Historical Cities: Integrated Innovative Solutions Supporting the Energy Transition while Respecting Cultural Heritage. Sustainability. 2021; 13(16):9358. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13169358Chicago/Turabian Style
Tsoumanis, Georgios, João Formiga, Nuno Bilo, Panagiotis Tsarchopoulos, Dimosthenis Ioannidis, and Dimitrios Tzovaras. 2021. "The Smart Evolution of Historical Cities: Integrated Innovative Solutions Supporting the Energy Transition while Respecting Cultural Heritage" Sustainability 13, no. 16: 9358. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13169358