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Article

Exploring the Impact of Crises on Food Security in Lebanon: Results from a National Cross-Sectional Study

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Faculty of Public Health, Lebanese University, Beirut 6573, Lebanon
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Lebanese Food, Drugs and Chemical Administration, Lebanese University, Beirut 6573, Lebanon
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Faculty of Science, Lebanese University, Beirut 6573, Lebanon
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Faculty of Pharmacy, Lebanese University, Beirut 6573, Lebanon
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INSPECT-LB (Institut National de Santé Publique, d’Épidémiologie Clinique et de Toxicologie-Liban), Beirut 0961, Lebanon
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Department of Primary Care and Population Health, University of Nicosia Medical School, 2408 Nicosia, Cyprus
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World Health Organization Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo 11371, Egypt
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gideon Baffoe
Sustainability 2021, 13(16), 8753; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13168753
Received: 24 June 2021 / Revised: 27 July 2021 / Accepted: 2 August 2021 / Published: 5 August 2021
This study aims to explore the prevalence and correlates of food insecurity among Lebanese households since the ordeals of COVID-19, economic crisis, and Beirut port explosions. At the core of the study, a mobile application entitled Nutrition Assessment System (NAS) that simplified the data collection was used as toolkit and a technical test was carried out in all Lebanese governorates between November 2020 and March 2021. Findings show that food insecurity is an immediate problem for households in Beirut and in many governorates in Lebanon. Nine in every 16 households ate less than 2 meals per day and more than 70% of them skipped their meals to spare food. Even though half the population studied had a low food consumption score, 82.4% of the people were not relying on livelihood coping strategies. However, more than three out of ten of these households relied on at least three food-based coping strategies. In addition, as for the livelihoods, this assessment found that most Lebanese households reported a drop in income along with an expansion in debt incurrence in the last 24 months to be able to buy food. Improving food security in Lebanon requires effort not only on the part of the government, but through regional and international actions. View Full-Text
Keywords: food security; Lebanon; nutritional assessment system; mobile; application; technology food security; Lebanon; nutritional assessment system; mobile; application; technology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hoteit, M.; Al-Atat, Y.; Joumaa, H.; Ghali, S.E.; Mansour, R.; Mhanna, R.; Sayyed-Ahmad, F.; Salameh, P.; Al-Jawaldeh, A. Exploring the Impact of Crises on Food Security in Lebanon: Results from a National Cross-Sectional Study. Sustainability 2021, 13, 8753. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13168753

AMA Style

Hoteit M, Al-Atat Y, Joumaa H, Ghali SE, Mansour R, Mhanna R, Sayyed-Ahmad F, Salameh P, Al-Jawaldeh A. Exploring the Impact of Crises on Food Security in Lebanon: Results from a National Cross-Sectional Study. Sustainability. 2021; 13(16):8753. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13168753

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hoteit, Maha, Youssef Al-Atat, Hussein Joumaa, Suheir El Ghali, Rania Mansour, Reem Mhanna, Fatima Sayyed-Ahmad, Pascale Salameh, and Ayoub Al-Jawaldeh. 2021. "Exploring the Impact of Crises on Food Security in Lebanon: Results from a National Cross-Sectional Study" Sustainability 13, no. 16: 8753. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13168753

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