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Article

Potential Impacts of Autonomous Vehicles on Urban Sprawl: A Comparison of Chinese and US Car-Oriented Adults

1
AgeLab and Intelligent Transportation Systems Lab, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
2
Division of Logistics and Transportation, Tsinghua Shenzhen International Graduate School, Shenzhen 518055, China
3
AgeLab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This author contributed equally to the first author.
Academic Editor: Bilal Farooq
Sustainability 2021, 13(14), 7632; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13147632
Received: 20 May 2021 / Revised: 20 June 2021 / Accepted: 1 July 2021 / Published: 8 July 2021
Autonomous vehicles (AVs) may significantly impact people’s choice of residential locations and spatial structures. The impact may vary across different countries, but few studies have focused on it. This study drew on China and the United States (US) as two cases to study car drivers’ knowledge of AVs and willingness to move farther if AVs were available by estimating ordered logistic regression models. The results showed that 42.3% of Chinese and 29.8% of US respondents were likely to consider moving farther away from the nearest city or the destination for the most frequent trip if they had an AV. The Chinese sample had less knowledge of AVs than the US sample, but they were more likely to consider a move. AVs may lead to a new round of urban sprawl, but the challenge may be greater for China. We captured the socio-economic and transport factors that affected this result. View Full-Text
Keywords: knowledge of autonomous vehicles; urban sprawl; ordered logistic regression; car-oriented adults; comparative analysis of the United States and China knowledge of autonomous vehicles; urban sprawl; ordered logistic regression; car-oriented adults; comparative analysis of the United States and China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guan, J.; Zhang, S.; D’Ambrosio, L.A.; Zhang, K.; Coughlin, J.F. Potential Impacts of Autonomous Vehicles on Urban Sprawl: A Comparison of Chinese and US Car-Oriented Adults. Sustainability 2021, 13, 7632. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13147632

AMA Style

Guan J, Zhang S, D’Ambrosio LA, Zhang K, Coughlin JF. Potential Impacts of Autonomous Vehicles on Urban Sprawl: A Comparison of Chinese and US Car-Oriented Adults. Sustainability. 2021; 13(14):7632. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13147632

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guan, Jinping, Shuang Zhang, Lisa A. D’Ambrosio, Kai Zhang, and Joseph F. Coughlin. 2021. "Potential Impacts of Autonomous Vehicles on Urban Sprawl: A Comparison of Chinese and US Car-Oriented Adults" Sustainability 13, no. 14: 7632. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13147632

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