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Article

Grounding Sustainable Tourism in Science—A Geographic Approach

1
Centro de Investigación en Ecosistemas de la Patagonia (CIEP), José de Moraleda 16, Coyhaique 5951601, Chile
2
Institut d’Urbanisme et de Géographie Alpine, Université De Grenoble Alpes UMR Pacte, 14 avenue Marie Reynoard, 38100 Grenoble, France
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Department of Geography and Territorial Planning, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
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Department of Palynology and Climate Dynamics, Albrecht-von-Haller Institute for Plant Sciences, University of Göttingen, Wilhem-Weber-Str. 2a, 37073 Göttingen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Julia N. Albrecht and Marco Haid
Sustainability 2021, 13(13), 7455; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137455
Received: 20 May 2021 / Revised: 29 June 2021 / Accepted: 1 July 2021 / Published: 3 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Product Development for Sustainable Tourism)
This paper presents empirical research that supports territorial approaches to tourism product development that ground tourism in science, as a mechanism to support sustainable tourism heritage conservation goals. Scientific Tourism (ST), in this context, builds on the scientific heritage of a geography, matching researchers with local actors and tourists, through a five-stage iterative process that leads to new scientific knowledge, advancing theory and building relevance for communities through socio-cultural and economic development. This article focuses on the initial stage of the ST product development process, documenting empirical research conducted within the geographies surrounding the Palena River watershed in the Aysén Region of Chilean Patagonia. Both geo-structured literature review methods and results are presented and discussed to illustrate how the outcomes, including a series of maps, can inform and ground actors’ processes of heritage resource identification, justification, conservation, and exhibition, through the development of pilot ST initiatives within the territory. Similar research approaches may prove valuable for other low-density and peripheral geographies that share an interest in grounding tourism on the science taking place within their geography. View Full-Text
Keywords: scientific tourism; sustainable tourism; heritage tourism; structured literature review; territorial development; Chilean Patagonia; peripheral geographies scientific tourism; sustainable tourism; heritage tourism; structured literature review; territorial development; Chilean Patagonia; peripheral geographies
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bourlon, F.; Gale, T.; Adiego, A.; Álvarez-Barra, V.; Salazar, A. Grounding Sustainable Tourism in Science—A Geographic Approach. Sustainability 2021, 13, 7455. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137455

AMA Style

Bourlon F, Gale T, Adiego A, Álvarez-Barra V, Salazar A. Grounding Sustainable Tourism in Science—A Geographic Approach. Sustainability. 2021; 13(13):7455. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137455

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bourlon, Fabien, Trace Gale, Andrés Adiego, Valentina Álvarez-Barra, and Alexandra Salazar. 2021. "Grounding Sustainable Tourism in Science—A Geographic Approach" Sustainability 13, no. 13: 7455. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137455

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