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Article

How to Establish a Sustainable Organization? A Study on the Relationship between Social Work Characteristics and Innovativeness for Employees of Organizations

1
Institute of Marine Affairs and Business Management, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung 80778, Taiwan
2
Department of Ocean and Border Governance, National Quemoy University, Kinmen 892, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Donato Morea
Sustainability 2021, 13(11), 6272; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116272
Received: 27 April 2021 / Revised: 26 May 2021 / Accepted: 29 May 2021 / Published: 2 June 2021
The shaping of employees’ innovativeness is an important way of building a sustainable organization. Therefore, in order to have a sustainable police organization, the innovativeness of the police must be established in order to achieve the objective of maintaining law and order. In this study, Taiwan’s first-line border police officers served as the research subject, and the cross-level model perspective was adopted to investigate their innovativeness from task-oriented and socially oriented viewpoints. At the same time, investigations were made into the cross-level direct and indirect effects of social work characteristics and collective efficacy toward police officers’ self-efficacy and innovativeness. A multilevel model was adopted to analyze the quantitative data obtained with 249 border police officers in Taiwan as the research objects. The results showed that social work characteristics have a positive influence on collective efficacy, and motivational work characteristics have a positive influence on employees’ self-efficacy and innovativeness. Their self-efficacy showed a positive influence on innovativeness, and a mediating effect on the relationship between motivational work characteristics and innovativeness. Moreover, social work characteristics and collective efficacy have a cross-level contextual effect on self-efficacy and innovativeness, while social work characteristics and self-efficacy have a cross-level interaction on police officers’ innovativeness. In general, this study confirmed the importance of employees’ innovativeness for the establishment of a sustainable police organization. The characteristics of social and motivational work, self-efficacy, and collective effectiveness are important variables for establishing employees’ innovativeness. View Full-Text
Keywords: motivational work characteristics; social work characteristics; self-efficacy; collective efficacy; innovativeness motivational work characteristics; social work characteristics; self-efficacy; collective efficacy; innovativeness
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kao, J.-C.; Ma, H.-Y.; Chiang, N.-T.; Kao, R.-H.; Cho, C.-C. How to Establish a Sustainable Organization? A Study on the Relationship between Social Work Characteristics and Innovativeness for Employees of Organizations. Sustainability 2021, 13, 6272. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116272

AMA Style

Kao J-C, Ma H-Y, Chiang N-T, Kao R-H, Cho C-C. How to Establish a Sustainable Organization? A Study on the Relationship between Social Work Characteristics and Innovativeness for Employees of Organizations. Sustainability. 2021; 13(11):6272. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116272

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kao, Jui-Chung, Hsiang-Yu Ma, Nein-Tsu Chiang, Rui-Hsin Kao, and Cheng-Chung Cho. 2021. "How to Establish a Sustainable Organization? A Study on the Relationship between Social Work Characteristics and Innovativeness for Employees of Organizations" Sustainability 13, no. 11: 6272. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116272

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