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Article

Virtual Exchange to Develop Cultural, Language, and Digital Competencies

1
Trans ERIE, Faculté des Sciences Semlalia, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakesh 40000, Morocco
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Department of Education Studies, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 10099 Berlin, Germany
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Faculty of Sciences, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Rabat 10000, Morocco
4
Research Institute for Innovation & Technology in Education (UNIR iTED), Universidad Internacional de La Rioja (UNIR), 26006 Logroño, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Petra Poulová
Sustainability 2021, 13(11), 5926; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13115926
Received: 15 January 2021 / Revised: 9 May 2021 / Accepted: 21 May 2021 / Published: 24 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Online Global Citizenship, Open Education and Civic Collaboration)
Many researchers have underlined the benefits of student mobility in strengthening their communication skills. Studying a foreign language and fostering knowledge about behavioural attitudes are the most common research cases. One of the major issues of mobility, by its very nature, is that it implies significant travel and accommodation costs. Virtual mobility, or Virtual Exchange (VE), can be introduced as a proactive alternative solution. This work presents an evaluation of a telecollaborative online course model organised as a VE between German and Moroccan universities. It was established to explore the benefits of integrating a VE experience by practicing some 21st-century knowledge elements as tools for the development of intercultural, language, and digital competencies from the perspective of mobility. In this paper, we present a VE model and its design, structure, and progress. Then, we evaluate this first experience to overcome some challenges that similar future experiences could face. We analyse the tools proposed in this design, the interactions between the different actors, and their feedback. The evaluative study shows the acquisition of awareness of cultural differences and the improvement of language skills through practice in addition to the development of some digital skills. View Full-Text
Keywords: online learning; virtual exchange model; cultural skills; digital skills; language skills; telecollaboration online learning; virtual exchange model; cultural skills; digital skills; language skills; telecollaboration
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MDPI and ACS Style

Machwate, S.; Bendaoud, R.; Henze, J.; Berrada, K.; Burgos, D. Virtual Exchange to Develop Cultural, Language, and Digital Competencies. Sustainability 2021, 13, 5926. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13115926

AMA Style

Machwate S, Bendaoud R, Henze J, Berrada K, Burgos D. Virtual Exchange to Develop Cultural, Language, and Digital Competencies. Sustainability. 2021; 13(11):5926. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13115926

Chicago/Turabian Style

Machwate, Said, Rachid Bendaoud, Juergen Henze, Khalid Berrada, and Daniel Burgos. 2021. "Virtual Exchange to Develop Cultural, Language, and Digital Competencies" Sustainability 13, no. 11: 5926. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13115926

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