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Article

Economic and Environmental Changes in Shenzhen—A Technology Hub in Southern China

1
School of Business, Macao Polytechnic Institute, Macao, China
2
Department of Logistics and Maritime Studies, Faculty of Business, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
3
School of Management, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 02447, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonio Boggia
Sustainability 2021, 13(10), 5545; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105545
Received: 14 April 2021 / Revised: 6 May 2021 / Accepted: 14 May 2021 / Published: 16 May 2021
Shenzhen has been established as the technology and innovation center in China. The study reviews its economic development and environmental change over the past four decades. Specifically, it tests whether environmental Kuznets curve relationship between haze as a proxy indicator of environmental condition and gross domestic product (GDP) per capita holds in Shenzhen. The study also examines the contribution of Shenzhen’s secondary sector to its GDP and highlights some changes in the computer, communication and electronic product manufacturing industries over the years. We collected the official data from the Shenzhen Municipal Government. Economic, social and environmental changes in Shenzhen were identified using tables and stacked graphs. Environmental Kuznets curve revealed that the worst environmental condition appeared in Shenzhen during the period 2003–2004. Environmental analysis showed that Shenzhen’s computer, communication and electronic product manufacturing industries consumed 52,595 TJ of energy and produced 10.1 million tons CO2-eq in 2019. As gross output value of the industries was USD 336 billion in 2019, the industries had an energy efficiency of 156,716 MJ/million USD and an emission efficiency of 30.6 tons CO2-eq/million USD, improving by 74% and 65%, respectively, since 2008. Nevertheless, the industries should focus more on high value-added and low energy-intensive technologies and innovations. Additionally, the Shenzhen Government shall increase the use of clean energy sources such as nuclear, wind and solar power in order to sustain the continual improvement of energy and emission efficiencies for all industries. View Full-Text
Keywords: economic change; environmental change; gross domestic product; haze; hi-tech industry; Shenzhen economic change; environmental change; gross domestic product; haze; hi-tech industry; Shenzhen
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MDPI and ACS Style

To, W.-M.; Lee, P.K.C.; Lau, A.K.W. Economic and Environmental Changes in Shenzhen—A Technology Hub in Southern China. Sustainability 2021, 13, 5545. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105545

AMA Style

To W-M, Lee PKC, Lau AKW. Economic and Environmental Changes in Shenzhen—A Technology Hub in Southern China. Sustainability. 2021; 13(10):5545. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105545

Chicago/Turabian Style

To, Wai-Ming, Peter K. C. Lee, and Antonio K. W. Lau. 2021. "Economic and Environmental Changes in Shenzhen—A Technology Hub in Southern China" Sustainability 13, no. 10: 5545. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105545

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