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The Role of Renewable Energy in Regional Energy Transitions: An Aggregate Qualitative Analysis for the Partner Regions Bavaria, Georgia, Québec, São Paulo, Shandong, Upper Austria, and Western Cape

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Energieinstitut, Johannes Kepler University, Altenberger Straße 69, 4040 Linz, Austria
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Bavarian Research Alliance, Prinzregentenstraße 52, 80538 Munich, Germany
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Munich, Boltzmannstraße 15, 85748 Garching, Germany
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
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Department of Energy, Mechanical Engineering Faculty, University of Campinas, Campinas CP 6122, Brazil
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International Energy Initiative, Av. José Rocha Bomfim 214, Campinas CEP: 13080-900, Brazil
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GreenCape, 18 Roeland Street, Cape Town 8001, South Africa
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(1), 76; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010076
Received: 25 November 2020 / Revised: 18 December 2020 / Accepted: 21 December 2020 / Published: 23 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
The study aims to identify the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) of renewable energy deployment in regional energy transitions for the regions of Bavaria, Georgia, Québec, São Paulo, Shandong, Upper Austria, and Western Cape, which comprise a political and scientific network called the Regional Leaders’ Summit (RLS) and RLS-Sciences, respectively. The results classify current renewable energy usage for electricity, heat and fuel production, existing renewable energy potentials, sound legal frameworks to support renewable energy, ongoing research and development activities and expertise in renewable energy conversion and storage as strengths. That fossil fuels still hold a significant share in gross inland energy consumption, energy-intensive industrial structures continue to be supported by fossil fuels and grid access is limited for renewables are identified as weaknesses. The main opportunities are green economies, climate change mitigation and technological innovations. Associated threats are demographic developments, lack of social acceptance and renewable energy resource volatility. We conclude that these regions’ energy systems could potentially enable the realization of a strong integration of renewables and cover partially distributed, decentralized energy systems with embedded energy storage, and the application of smart technologies. Furthermore, we discover that the role of governments in guiding and managing regional energy transitions is highly important. View Full-Text
Keywords: regional energy transition; renewable energy; SWOT analysis regional energy transition; renewable energy; SWOT analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Goers, S.; Rumohr, F.; Fendt, S.; Gosselin, L.; Jannuzzi, G.M.; Gomes, R.D.M.; Sousa, S.M.S.; Wolvers, R. The Role of Renewable Energy in Regional Energy Transitions: An Aggregate Qualitative Analysis for the Partner Regions Bavaria, Georgia, Québec, São Paulo, Shandong, Upper Austria, and Western Cape. Sustainability 2021, 13, 76. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010076

AMA Style

Goers S, Rumohr F, Fendt S, Gosselin L, Jannuzzi GM, Gomes RDM, Sousa SMS, Wolvers R. The Role of Renewable Energy in Regional Energy Transitions: An Aggregate Qualitative Analysis for the Partner Regions Bavaria, Georgia, Québec, São Paulo, Shandong, Upper Austria, and Western Cape. Sustainability. 2021; 13(1):76. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010076

Chicago/Turabian Style

Goers, Sebastian, Fiona Rumohr, Sebastian Fendt, Louis Gosselin, Gilberto M. Jannuzzi, Rodolfo D.M. Gomes, Stella M.S. Sousa, and Reshmi Wolvers. 2021. "The Role of Renewable Energy in Regional Energy Transitions: An Aggregate Qualitative Analysis for the Partner Regions Bavaria, Georgia, Québec, São Paulo, Shandong, Upper Austria, and Western Cape" Sustainability 13, no. 1: 76. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010076

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