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Article

Reforming Housing Policies for the Sustainability of Historic Cities in the Post-COVID Time: Insights from the Atlas World Heritage

1
Department of Natural Resources & the Environment, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
2
School of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Florence, 50121 Firenze, Italy
3
Florence World Heritage and UNESCO Relationship Office at the Municipality of Florence, 50123 Firenze, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(1), 174; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010174
Received: 29 November 2020 / Revised: 22 December 2020 / Accepted: 23 December 2020 / Published: 27 December 2020
In recent years, finding affordable housing has been a notable challenge for the residents of historic cities in Europe. This paper aims to develop a novel vision for improving housing policies in the post-COVID time to moderate the long-lasting issue of affordable housing in historic cities. The research was developed based on the findings of the Atlas World Heritage in 2019. In this project, five European Art Cities, namely Florence, Edinburgh, Bordeaux, Porto, and Santiago de Compostela, discussed their common management challenges through the shared learning method. Focusing on the case study of Florence and using a mixed-method, we collected data through the municipality of Florence, map analysis, and distribution of a questionnaire among the city residents. Then, we used inductive reasoning to explain how reforming housing policies in the post-COVID time could moderate the long-lasting issue of affordable housing in historic cities. The findings suggest that housing policies need to be supported simultaneously at both international and local levels. From the international perspective, associated cultural heritage organizations, like United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and its advisory bodies and the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), need to develop restriction policies that manage tourism flows in historic cities like increasing the airline taxation. At the local level, Florence needs decisive housing policies that ban the growth of illegal tourist accommodation in the city. However, the privilege of establishing new hotels can be awarded in suburban or rural areas to support sustainable tourism goals. View Full-Text
Keywords: historic cities; housing policies; tourism management; sustainable urban planning; Atlas World Heritage; COVID-19 pandemic historic cities; housing policies; tourism management; sustainable urban planning; Atlas World Heritage; COVID-19 pandemic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shirvani Dastgerdi, A.; De Luca, G.; Francini, C. Reforming Housing Policies for the Sustainability of Historic Cities in the Post-COVID Time: Insights from the Atlas World Heritage. Sustainability 2021, 13, 174. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010174

AMA Style

Shirvani Dastgerdi A, De Luca G, Francini C. Reforming Housing Policies for the Sustainability of Historic Cities in the Post-COVID Time: Insights from the Atlas World Heritage. Sustainability. 2021; 13(1):174. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010174

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shirvani Dastgerdi, Ahmadreza; De Luca, Giuseppe; Francini, Carlo. 2021. "Reforming Housing Policies for the Sustainability of Historic Cities in the Post-COVID Time: Insights from the Atlas World Heritage" Sustainability 13, no. 1: 174. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010174

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